Karbala: Fact or Fiction?

by Dr. Shabbir Ahmed, M.D

CAUTION:  All criticism of the author is directed to the historians, and not 
at all to the respected personalities of Islam. Hadhraat Ali, Fatima, Hassan 
and Hussein [R.A.] all of whom command our reverence and respect.
                                                           CHAPTER -1
Who is Mahdi?
The World needs that True Mahdi,
Whose vision would rock archaic thinking!
                                    Dr. Muhammad Iqbal
Readers! In my view Jamaluddin Afghani, great benefactor of the Muslim  
community was so right in saying :
"All my study of the Qur’an, the Hadith and history tells me that be it 
today or tomorrow, whoever endeavors to bring about the triumph and 
ascendancy of Islamic faith, will have as his mission, the supremacy of the 
Qur’an. Every such person will, in his own right, be the Mahdi*.
Humanity at large and the Muslims in particular, should enter this in their 
minds that no apostle of God is going to appear any more. The exalted being 
who was to come, did so in the Hijaz thirteen hundred years before and 
passed away after establishing a model State and bequeathed this world his 
Message which suffices from eternity to infinity. In our century (19th) the 
false movements that are being promoted in Iran and India (Bahai in Iran and 
Qadiani in India) are creations of Europe. These are schemes to spread 
discord in the Muslim nation and to deprive it of the spirit of Jihad .For 
setting our future right we shall have to have a true perspective of our 
history and traditions.  If a mason lays the first brick awry, the wall will 
rise crooked to its entire height. (Speech in Istanbul 1889, courtesy Sher 
Ali Khanzai Akhbar Markaz-I-Khilafa)
In Syed Jamaluddin Afghani, the Muslim nation had a visionary. He would 
listen, view, think and then speak the truth. He did no writing; he would 
dispense pearls of wisdom through his moving oratory. For his mission he 
would travel over Asia, Africa and Europe by means of camels, horses and 
sail boats. His standing in the Muslim world was such that scholars and 
monarchs the world over would deemed it an honor meeting the Syed Afghani. 
Many governments wanted to appoint him as their adviser, however,
The recluse that holds destiny of a nation,
Seeks not the company of the Sultan!
Besides being an orator, late Afghani was a man of action. 19th century 
Sudan was under occupation of the same Europeans who were ruling the South 
Asian sub-continent, the Englishmen. The Sudanese were in such despair that 
even their longing for freedom had died. If such craving existed anywhere, 
it was in hearts of a daring fighter in Khartoum and a few of his comrades. 
They had the spirit, the passion, the character, the Islamic ardor and their 
longing for martyrdom. This fighter was Muhammad Ahmad. The small band he 
led had its slogan of Jihad; The Dominion rests with Allah.
The English and their Sudanese puppets had enslaved the Sudanese people to 
such an extent that their Ulema used to salute Englishmen in the same 
slavish fashion that prevailed in the sub-continent. As Allama Iqbal said:
'Because the Mullah in India is allowed to prostrate himself,
The fool that he is, thinks Islam is sovereign!
The greatest obstacle that hampered the troops of Muhammad Ahmad was a 
ludicrous idea that had taken complete hold over the Sudanese mind. The 
idea, that there was no salvation for Muslims unless a Mahdi appeared on the 
scene.  Jamaluddin Afghani was a keen observer of this perspective. Covering 
distances over land, sea and deserts on camels and boats he arrived in 
Khartoum in year 1881.He met the warrior Muhammad Ahmad. Ahmad briefed 
Jamaluddin Afghani of such false beliefs. Afghani told him that he 
understood the problem better than Ahmad did, and told him that the only way 
to infuse spirit in the people was that he should declare himself the 
awaited Mahdi. (This Ahmad did)
Some people protested that the Mahdi was supposed to emerge from the cave 
called Samera in Iraq. Some differed with them to say that he (Mahdi) will 
appear as a pilgrim making rounds in the Kaaba!  Still others claimed that 
he would descend from heavens as a Messiah. Syed Afghani wasted no time over 
nonsensical theories. He grabbed Muhammad Ahmad's arm and led him and his 
comrades to the city's Jamia Masjid. It was a Friday. Imam of the mosque 
relinquished the pulpit (manbar) as soon as he saw Syed Afghani approaching. 
Syed Afghani delivered an inspiring sermon to many thousands in the 
First he proved from verses of the Qur'an that no one would receive the 
Divine Revelations after the last of the prophets (Prophet Muhammad). No one 
would be revealed hidden things. No such being would descend from the 
heavens or emerge from the Cave of Samera. The Sudanese were steeped in 
SHIRK. He advised them to give up their wait for holy men or their 
supernatural powers. He cautioned them that the person they believed to be 
holier of the holy, the Ghausul Azam,Abdul Qadir Jeelani, was a helpless 
person while he lived and after he died. He told them that the Governor of 
Baghdad, Ubaidulla Yunus had his grave dug up, his dead body burned and had 
the ashes thrown in river Tigris. Of course, his grave is empty of a body. 
He could not save himself from that dire fate. How could he be of help to 
them in case of need? He told them in clear terms that any person who can 
rescue them from a life of slavery and disgrace or set an example of an 
honorable death is verily a Mahdi and the promised deliverer.
Readers, this is the lesson Allama Iqbal so aptly put forth after over forty 
Whose “self” manifests in action first
He is verily the Mahdi and the Promised One!
Continuing his sermon, Jamaluddin Afghani said, "Folks! Your Mahdi has 
arrived. He is no other than Muhammad Ahmad who stands by my side! His 
supernatural power is that he possesses character and he is a man of action. 
He has spirit. If you strengthen his hands, he will gift you the treasure of 
freedom. He will uproot the British imperialism from your land. God be with 
No sooner than the sermon was over, the Jamia Masjid reverberated with 
shouts of "Mahdi Sudani, Mahdi Sudani". Thousands from amongst the 
congregation there and then acknowledged Muhammad Ahmad the virtuous, as 
their leader and commander in battle. This tale dates back to 1881. Young 
men from Khartoum and suburbs gathered around Muhammad Ahmad. On behest of 
the British, the Muslim clergy from Egypt piled up Fatawa (Islamic edicts) 
that Ahmad had neither emerged from the Cave of Samera, nor did he descend 
from the heavens, nor proclaimed himself in the Kaaba. How could he be the 
Mahdi? Indeed he was an apostate!
Fortunately, in those days, the Grand Mufti of Egypt was a great campaigner 
of Islam, named Mufti Sheikh Muhammad Abduh, [Abde-Rabbuhu] (1849-1906) He 
was the disciple of the great personage who had traveled from afar to Sudan 
with a passion for Sudan's freedom, Syed Afghani. The Grand Mufti annulled 
all edicts by the clergy. He supported his mentor forcefully. He announced 
in crystal-clear terms that only swindlers could claim clairvoyance and 
conversing with God or His prophet.
Witness Divine descent on your heart' tower,
Give up the wait for Mahdi or the Messiah!     Iqbal
Their message was based on reality and was supported by the Qur'an. Both the 
teacher Afghani and the disciple Abduh had the skill to put forward their 
arguments. As a result the Sudanese people, who were afflicted with  
Mullahism (just like we are) sprung back to life. The Mahdi of Sudan 
declared, " While Mullahs wait in their homes for the Messiah or the Mahdi,

and Sufis do the same in their monasteries, I have picked up the colors for 
Jihad. I am the Mahdi of today!"
It so happened then that during years 1881-1885, this great fighter of Jihad 
and his comrades routed the British. They rocked the largest empire of this 
world. They captured Khartoum, capital city of Sudan.
Terror of the Mahdi of Sudan struck the British to such an extent that many 
years later, a famous British leader Lord Kitchener* went to Sudan and had 
the grave of Mahdi of Sudan dug up exhumed the body.
This was the story of a self-less and righteous Mahdi!
*This is the same Lord Kitchener who exhumed the brave warrior’s body to 
dishonor it. But, the lord was later drowned during a voyage at sea. A rumor 
remained afloat in the sub-continent that Lord Kitchener had survived and 
had been seen. Allama Iqbal commented, "Yes, he might have turned up as fish

Mahdi in Scriptures
Dear readers! Of course, You have the right to differ. However, after deep 
thought and analysis, I consider that Allama Iqbal also was a righteous 
Mahdi and so were Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Tipu Sultan, Ahmad Shah Abdali, 
Mahmud Ghaznavi, Salahuddin Ayoobi and Syed Jamaluddin Afghani:
Sufi's creed is only introspection,
Mullah's Sharia is nothing but reverie in rhetoric,
Nowhere to be seen is the valiant warrior,
Who is endowed with a noble character?
Mahdi Sudani was such a person whose character was exhilarating; so we 
acknowledge him too as a Mahdi. Such are the righteous Mahdis. No cobwebs of 
myths surround them. They soar in the arena of real life and fulfill their 
mission for all to see and then face their Creator with flying colors.
Now contrast this with the way Mahdi is characterized in religion (as 
against reason). The tale starts somewhat as below. I have picked only a few 
specimens and have simplified the account to some extent:
1.             "I am Lady Maleka, daughter of the son of Kaiser, the King of Rome. My 
mother's name is Shamoun who is from the geneaology  of Christ.  (Yes, Jesus 
Christ was her ancestor!).  Some time back, Prophet Muhammad met my 
great-grandfather Christ son of Mary. The former asked the hand of the 
latter’s daughter (Maleka) to be given in marriage to the former’s son Hasan 
Askari.  (Who was Hasan Askari? Eleventh Imam of the Asna Ashri Shias!). The 
Christ agreed. The Khutba of our Nikah was recited by Prophet Muhammad.  (It 
is Year 254 A.H., two and a quarter centuries after passing away of the 
Prophet!)  I had become emaciated hiding my love for Hasan Askari.  Fatimah, 
the Prophet's daughter came one day, hugged me and made me her 
daughter-in-law. Ever since then not a night has passed without our 
consummating our love!
2.               I am Lady Maleka, also called Narjis.  I am the daughter of the King of 
Rome. A few days ago Ali (son-in-law of the Prophet) came (200 years after 
his martyrdom!).  He said to me, "Narjis! Glad tidings to you of a son that

will be the king of the East and the West! The news spread like wil-fire 
that the wife of Imam Hasan Askari was going to be the mother of the Master 
of Times (Imam Mahdi). One day Hasan Askari said that Mahdi was going to be 
born that day. A woman from the household said, "There are no visible signs

of Narjis being pregnant".  Ali said, “We saints and prophets are born 
through the thighs of our mothers so that we are safe from being soiled".  
Imam Hasan also came. Those present saw a splendid radiance in Narjis. Hasan 
saw that the Master of Times had been born and ever since his birth, had 
been lying prostrate facing the Qibla. The ne born was pointing his fingers 
at the sky and reciting Kalima.  Mariam (Mary the Virgin) was in attendance 
with a thousand houris. The observant ones of the people also observed that 
the Imam Mahdi was (already) circumcised. The observers sought God's 
blessings for Imams. There was illumination all around. The palace was 
flocked by white birds. Ali told a bird to take the baby away and to bring 
it back in 40 days.
Please note that the talk is of the period 255 A.H.i.e. 200 years after 
Ali's passing away. Mythology is such fun! But wait! We are not done yet! 
Now follows an account that needs a lot to comprehend.
"After 40 days the bird brought the baby back who was now two years old! 
Then the bird took the baby away and brought it back in 40 days. Imam Mahdi 
by then had grown into a man. We are not told how a bird picked up a 'grown 
man' by its beak!  We are not told either where the palace was located!
3.             Imam Mahdi is an Imam-in-Waiting and a Master of Powers. He is an Imam of 
the Age of The Unseen. It is not appropriate to mention his name in 
4.             The Imam read all scriptures of the past prophets in their tongues, 
scriptures of Adam, Idrees, Noah, Hud, Saleh, Abraham, Moses, David, Christ 
and the Qur'an of Prophet Muhammad.
5.                               Soon after birth, the Imam sneezed.  The next night he 
enunciated a firm tenet that whoever sneezes, will not die till the 
following three days. (Please make note of this golden doctrine!)
6.             The angels clamored, "Who will avenge Hussain, O Allah?”  "I will, 
through the Established One”, was the answer.  (How? It will be explained in 
the next chapter.)
7.              The Words in the Qur'an, "Who can bring back water if Allah takes it
Away”, in effect pertain to the Master of Powers i.e. Who can bring him back 
if Allah takes him away.
8.             The Imam Mahdi is from the seed of the Kaiser of Rome from the mother's 
side and of Muhammad (the exalted) from the father's side. [We are not told 
how. Didn’t he, if at all he was born, descend in the lineage of Abu Talib?]
9.             Qur'an of Ali is with the Established Imam. When he comes, even the wild 
animals will become friends with each other. Because of the light of his 
splendor the whole world will be lit up, so there will be no sun during the 
day and no moon at night!  (The sun and the moon will retire!)
10.           He will ride the lightening and make a round of the seven heavens and 
the seven earths (He won’t be electrocuted!). Shade from clouds will always 
keep him cool. Swords for his use will descend from the heavens!
11.           Countless palaces and treasuries are at his disposal. Those who have had 
a tryst with him in the past centuries speak of the unparalleled 
magnificence of his palace.  (No one though knows where the palace is).
12.           He performs Hajj every year but no one can recognize him (Cannot 
recognize the one whose splendor lights up the whole world!).
13.           At every Eid when people make merry, God freshens the sorrow of 
Muhammad's posterity because what is their due by right, is in the 
possession of others.  (It is in the White House these days!)
14.           Ali the Honored is mourning to this day. He has been seen reading the 
Book of Jafar. Jafar is the “science' of dreams, calamities and disasters.”
15.             Whenever a Mumin (Believer) falls ill, the Amir (Ruler) of Mumins is 
also taken ill. (Among the Believers, hundreds of thousands must be ailing 
at one time. When would the Amir would get well!)
16.           Who would wait for the Imam of the times, would virtually be seated in 
his (the Imam’s) tent.  [ Let the believers keep waiting and do nothing 
17.           A sure panacea:  On a piece of paper write a message for the Imam of the 
times. Place it in a grave or throw it into a deep well. The message is sure 
to reach him and the difficulty will be instantly resolved.
18.              Among the 73 sects of Muslims only those waiting for the 
Mahdi will go to Paradise.
All the above are excerpts from an esteemed book titled Ahsanul Maqal (The 
Best of Expressions).
Compiler of the book is The Most Veracious Reporter of Traditions, Maulana 
Sheikh Abbas of Qum. The translator is Honorable Maulana Syed Safdar Hussain 
The Revenge-and Tasks
Imam Mahdi bin Hasan Askari, (aforementioned) was born in the year 255 or 
256 A.H. [i.e. if he was born at all!]  In 260 A.H. at the age of about five 
and just ten days before the demise of his father, he disappeared and hid in 
the nearby cave called Samera or Saraman Raee.  With him he took away the 
entire Qur’an consisting of 40 (not 30) parts and 17000 (not 6200) verses. 
He also took with him all scriptures of the prophets and apostles of old, 
the Book of Ali, the Book of Fatima, the Science of Jafar, all miracles of 
the prophets, the staff of Moses, the shirt of Adam, and Solomon's ring. He 
will reappear before the Dooms Day . He will resurrect Abu Bakr and Umer 
from their graves. In the course of one day and night he would execute both 
of them a thousand times after bringing them back to life. According to some 
accounts, he will dispense the same prescription to Usman. (Hablullah No.6, 
The first one to tender submission to Imam Mahdi will be prophet Muhammad. 
(Basair Darajat P.213)
The Mahdi will resurrect people and send them off to heaven or to hell 
(Miratul Anwar P.68)
The Imam Mahdi will bring forth a new Book and a new Faith (Fasalul- khitab 
P.263 and Anwar Nomania by Syed Naimatullah Muhaddis Aljazairee).
Mahdi will bring the genuine Qur'an. For the time being fill in with the 
present one! (Fasalul Khatab, ref; Hazrat Ali)
Mahdi will battle with Gog and Magog (Ref. Many books of Ahadith and 
Masnad-I-Ahmad, Alkafi, etc. etc.)
Who are Gog and Magog? Muslims have been labeling many different peoples 
with this description. According to Jews and Christians, Russia, China and 
the Muslims are Gog and Magog!
Ahsanul Maqal  states that Imam Mahdi, the son of Hasan Askari will appear 
at the very end of this world. He will be around in this world only for 
seven years. He will uphold equity and justice and then there will be 
Armageddon. So that will be it. The one whose wait extended for so many 
centuries, heralded the end of the world! Best of luck to those who are 
Episode of Torment and Calamity
CAUTION:  All criticism of the author is directed to the historians, and not 
at all to the respected personalities of Islam. Hadhraat Ali, Fatima, Hassan 
and Hussein [R.A.] all of whom command our reverence and respect.
>From Saadatuddarain fi Qatlul Hussain
Sadrul Muhaqqiqeen (The Principal Researcher) and Sultanul 
Mutawakkileen(King of Commentators), Hujjatal Islam WalMuslimin (Authority 
on Islam and Muslims),
Honorable Allama-ashshaikh(Doctor of Divinity) Muhammad Hussain
Mujtahidul Asr (Revivalist of the Time), the Most Esteemed
Dear readers, you may ask, “What is the connection between Imam Mahdi and 
the Karbala?”  You will have to wait for Chapter 10 for the answer. 
Meanwhile please note some excerpts from the writings of the illustrious 
author described above:
1.The real culprit of the murder of Hussain was Yazeed son of Muawia.
2. After Yazeed the second culprit Marjana Ubaidullah Ibn-I-Ziyad. He was 
hand and glove with Yazeed.
3. The third person directly responsible was Umar bin Saad bin Abi Waqas. 
These people claimed that the world and its good things were everlasting, 
i.e. they would never die!
4. It can be said without fear of contradiction that the assassins of 
Hussain were of the Sunnies.
5. Refer to writings of Imam and Hafiz Muhammad Ibn-I-Jareer Tabari and you 
will know whether assassins of Hussain were Sunnies or not.
Many scholars declare this Tabari as a Shia. We, on the other hand, vouch to 
the research of the esteemed Allama Tamanna Imadi that the so-called Imam 
Tabari was in fact a Zoroastrian.
6. Mazaham bin Hareeth said, "I follow Usman in faith”. Nafay said, "Which

means you follow creed of the Sata”".
7. No one knows who fathered Ubaidullah son of Ziad, the Governor of Basra 
and Koofa. (Then who was Ziad?)
8." The historian Imam Tabari has written that Imam Hussain's cousin Muslim

son of Aqeel ventured towards Kufa for battle, without informing his 
9. "Not even 10 people stayed on with the prophet in the battle of Uhad. On

the other hand, 54 people turned out ready for sacrificing their lives for 
Hussain son of Ali".
10. From Makkah, Madinah, Taif, Yemen, Basra, Yamama, or from nowhere else 
was there a shout declaring solidarity with the grandson of the prophet."  
(No comments!)
11. Fifty-five petitions, two bagfuls of letters and seven couriers reached 
Makkah from Kufa declaring readiness for (Hussain’s) defense in every way 
12. "Imam Hussain said to Abdullah son of Zubair,'I know that someone in 
Makkah will be slaughtered like a lamb. I absolutely do not want to be that 
lamb. I swear that even if I hide in the hole of a wild beast, people will 
nab me from there'."
13. "Muslim son of Aqeel reached a spring belonging to the tribe of Tay. He

saw a hunter shooting a deer with an arrow. Muslim said,'This is a good 
omen. We shall like wise triumph over our adversaries.”  (But what followed 
was quite the opposite!).
14. "Muslim son of Aqeel reached Kufa on the fifth of Shawwal, 60 A.H. and 
stayed at the house of Mukhtar son of Ubaidullah Saqafi.”
15. "In Kufa, 18000 people pledged allegiance to Muslim. He wrote a letter 
to Imam Hussain inviting him to come to Kufa.”
16. "Some one wearing a black turban entered Kufa. He had his face covered 
by a cloth.  Sheikh Mufeed says, 'Because of this guise people thought he 
was Hussain'."  (Hussain would not cover his face like a bandit).
17. "Like the esteemed Ali, Imam Hussain also knew about all future 
happenings in the entire world. He had information of the entire universe. 
He would say to people, 'Ask me things ere you do not find me amongst you'.  
According to narrators, other Imams were also making similar claims. This 
means that knowledge of the unseen is not with Allah alone.
18."It is written in 'Asool-I-Kafi that the true Imam (from Ali to Mahdi) 
would never say, “I don’t know!”  (Means he has Divine knowledge)
After this the Mujtahid (Revivalist) Alshaikh Muhammad Hussain , author of 
'Saadatud Darain'  gives examples of the knowledge of Imam Hussain:
18.           "Umro son of Aas asked, 'What is the reason our moustaches gray before 
yours?'  Hussain said,'Because your women’s mouths smell foul.’
19.       "Umro son of Aas asked, 'Why do your beards grow thick but ours 
don’t? Imam Hussain said, 'The earth that is sound has a good growth, but 
the one that is evil has a poor growth.'"
"Having heard such insightful answers, Muavia yelled, 'Umro, keep quiet. 
Don't you know he is Ali's son!’
The learned author has also quoted a stanza:
        20. "This was the secret why the prophet made Hussain suck at his 
Hussain’s tongue is virtually the tongue of Providence!"
        21. "Abdur Rahman Aslami taught Surah Hamd to one of the princes of

Hussain. The honorable (Hussain) made him a grant of a thousand Dinars and 
as many robes, besides filling up his mouth with pearls".  (And the man did

not so much as have a fit of coughing! Why did he not teach the Surah 
22. "Someone asked Imam Zainul Abedeen why his father had so few children. 

He replied, 'I am surprised how even I was born! My father engaged himself 
in prayers, as many as a thousand Rakaas in one day and night'.” (And did 
nothing else!).
We consider such statements derogatory to Honorable Hussain.
23. "(Even) in his state of helplessness and thirst, Hussain slew 1950 of 
the enemy soldiers all by himself, besides there were countless wounded.”
We consider such gross exaggeration too as derogatory to Hussain!
24 "As the Imam recited the (sacred) name (of Allah), the land in between 
Makkah/Madinah and Karbala subsided. And he showed Umm Salma, the Mother of 
Believers, the spot where he and his companions would be killed".
This is against the Qur'anic Laws!
25. "Then, handing Umm Salma some soil from the land of Karbala, he said, 
"When this soil starts oozing blood, consider me martyred.”
            Honorable Umm Salma says, 'When on the tenth of Muharram of year 
61             I saw the phials, they were indeed oozing blood.”
(In fact it wasTabari, not Umm Salma, who wrote that, centuries later).
26."The head of the lord of martyrs was severed yet it kept on reciting the

(Some yarn!)
27. "Beasts in the jungle and fish in the water will keep weeping over 
Hussain’s ordeal.”
( Enjoy the flight of fancy of our narrators and historians!)
28. "Lady Fatima used to cry over trials and tribulations of Hussain even 
before she conceived him.”
29. "My head will be presented before one of the bastards of Banu 
Umayya”-(Imam Hussain’s saying according to Abdullah Bin Umar. See P.167 
Saadatud Darain.)
(Is this the language Imam Hussain would use!)
30. "The criterion to judge the authenticity of the happenings at Karbala 
would be to accept what the scholars have reported.”
(Some criterion!)
31. "Before leaving Makkah, Abdullah son of Mutea recommended (Imam Hussain)

to stay on in Madinah, if he happened to go there. And not at all go to Kufa 
because that was a city of ill omens.”
32. "When the Imam departed from Madinah, angels riding she-camels of the 
Paradise, presented themselves to him in hosts.”
33. After that some legions of Muslim Jinns appeared before the Imam and 
said that if the Imam so commanded, they would finish off his enemies while 
he was still in Madinah.”
34. When people would caution the Imam against going to Kufa, the Imam would 
say, 'I am destined to martyrdom in Karbala on the 10th of Muharram'.”
(Had this been so, the Imam, a model of endurance and patience, would not 
weep and wail!)
35. "To angels and Jinns he answered that he had greater power than they had

for overcoming  enemies of his but he wanted that those who die should die 
for a reason and those who survive should survive for a reason.
(Yet only those of his side, and none of his chief adversaries died in 
Karbala!) Thus, journeying by stages he reached Madinah on Friday the 6th of 
Shaaban of year 60 A.H.
36. "In an offensive Muslim son of Aqeel packed to hell forty-one in Kufa. 
Then he commenced displaying his valor in the streets and the bazars."
(But, had he not gone there solely as an emissary of Imam Hussain!)
37. "Muslim son of Aqeel was beheaded and his head was sent to Damascus. 
Yazeed placed it at the city gate.”
38. "Abdullah son of Abbas inquired, 'Why are you taking women and children

along?’  'God wills to see them in captivity of the enemies’ replied Imam 
(God is Merciful and Benevolent, especially for the true believers, not a 
39. "There is a serious controversy regarding the number of stages between 
Makkah and Karbala" (Sheikh Muhammad the Mujtahid (Revivalist)
40." The Imam told the poet Farzooq and Bashar son of Ghalib that God does 
what He wills."
(God is not a dictator. He is Omnipotent and He uses His Power with Wisdom 
and Compassion)
41. "Banu Umayyah have scared me.”
This is another insult to the Imam!
42. "He said to Siddiqa Sughra, 'Whatever is to happen, must happen.’
(So there should be no effort to prevent it!)
43. "The Imam knew the end beforehand.”
44. "I swear by God, my murder by the insurgent pack is inevitable. There 
can be no resistance before God.”
(Was God siding with insurgents?)
45. "In a dream I saw some dogs biting me. Most ferocious among them was one

with white spots.”
Mujtahid Allama Muhammad Hussain writes that that description of the dog 
points to Shamar son of Joshan who was a leper (and so had white spots).
(The exalted prophet had admonished against relating sad dreams! The 
language cannot be that of Imam Hussain!)
46. "As early as at twelfth stage of the journey, Imam Hussain and his 
companions had donned their turbans and were wielding their swords.”
Why would the Imam assume an aggressive posture?
47. "At the fifteenth stage of the journey he said, 'I had dozed off on my 
horse. In a dream I saw a rider saying 'These people are proceeding and 
their death is proceeding towards them.’  Now I know that we have been 
foretold of death.”
(Before this it was stated that he always knew it!)
48.  A commander of Yazeed's troops, who was a gentle person , came along at 
the head of a column of a thousand troops. He said, 'I beg you in the name 
of God to take pity on yourself. You will be martyred if you fight.’  
However, the Imam did not yield.
49. "Majma son of Abdullah said, 'The dignitaries of Kufa are against you. 
Although common folk are disposed in your favor, yet tomorrow their swords 
will be drawn against you.”
(And still the Imam did not relent!)
50. "At the next stage of the journey he (Imam Hussain) asked Hur, 'What is

the name of this place?’ He said, 'Karbala’. The Supreme Martyr spoke with 
tears in his eyes,'O God we seek refuge with thee against anguish and 
tribulation (the literal meaning of Karb and Bala)’.
[Why was this prayer not granted? Readers! What an insult that the tally of  
Hussain’s prayers rejected by the Almighty is being repeatedly highlighted 
by these mullahs.]
First Assemblage of Hussain
At this juncture please make a note that the entire tale of Karbala          
                                                             has been 
narrated by the so-called Imam Tabari Bin Rustam, the Zoroastrian. Time and 
again he starts with the phrase, “ …and Abu Mukhnaf said this and Abu 
Mukhnaf said that… Some scholars have conducted in depth research and 
discovered that Abu Mukhnaf is a fictitious character. Other scholars have 
established that even if such a person existed          in flesh and blood, he had 
died fifty years before Tabari was born.  Tabari has not once claimed that 
he ever met Abu Mukhnaf. This being the state of things it becomes clear 
that the myth of Karbala is Tabari’s own kite flying. Some said Tabari was a 
Shia, others contend that he was a Sunni. In fact he had changed his name 
from Tabari Bin Rustam to Tabri Bin Yazeed for deceiving Muslims. All 
excesses on Hussain, Tabari has ascribed to Yazeed. Then why did he 
associate his own self to the name Yazeed? Tabari embraced this humiliation 
so that people should not take him for a Shia or a Zoroastrian.
       The discerning reader should make note of the very important point. 
The year of martyrdom of Hadrat Hussain is 61 A.H. and Tabari penned this 
fable down around the year 300 A.H., i.e. 239 years later. And all this on 
The narrative continues:
   "Imam Hussain gathered his kith and kin. He cast an eye on the gathering

and broke down in tears. He prayed in all tenderness, 'O God! We are the 
prophet’s kin. Please grant us victory over the tyrants.’
What was the number of the enemy? Aqai Darbandi says the (opposing) cavalry 
in Karbala numbered six hundred thousand and the infantry assembled for the 
battle numbered twenty million! (The total population of the entire Middle 
East at the time would not be as much as twenty million).
             No empire could possibly assemble a force of this size. 
According to Ibn-e- Jozi, they numbered six thousand. Syed son of Taoos puts 
the number at twenty thousands. Abi Faras said they were fifty thousand and 
Abi Muhnaf Azwi reported eighty thousand!
The book we are referring to as authority, the Saadatud Darain contains a 
lengthy directive in the context of Hussain's assembly. This directive 
prescribes the following set of commandments:
                  "One should weep profusely over fate of the oppressed Imam

because such weeping atones for grave sins.”
               "Without intent of a fast, go without food till the evening 
on the Ashura (tenth of Muharram) day.”
                 "(On that day) hold gatherings for mourning and shed tears

profusely. This is the noblest deed.”
                 "Do no worldly tasks on that day.”
                  "Recite the 'Ziarat-I-Ashura and do all the activities 
that are prescribed in the books on prayers.”
We can virtually hear the distant call by the poet Iqbal:
Hark the music of fun and revelry in the mansions of Europe,
Watch too the making ready for mourning in Iran!
                  "Profusely curse the murderers of Hussain and his kin, 
repeat the incantation at least a thousand times as 'O Allah thy curse fall 
on murderers of Hussain and his companions.’
                "Absolutely refrain from hilarity. Do not eat lavish food or

use luxury clothes.”
                 "Undo buttons etc. of shirts and twist sleeves up.”
              "Must throw dust or ashes on your head and rub your forehead 
with them.”
Now, what was the size of the forces at the disposal of Imam Hussain? 
According to Allama Mujtahid (Revivalist) Muhammad, here again there is 
controversy. Abi Faris says they were a thousand (Sharhe Shafia). Sheikh 
Mufeed says their total number was 72 (32 cavalry, 40 infantry). Imam Baqir 
reports that they were 145.
The irony is that on occasions such as this, after shooting out their own 
theories, our historians and reporters of Hadith leave it to Allah for 
providing the required proofs and evidence. Their methods are amusing, 
simple and easy. For passing the buck to Allah, they say Wallaho Aalamo 
Bissawab (And God knows better), and that is that! Why not simply say, "I do

not know!" If they have to pass the buck to the exalted Prophet, our 
historians and collectors of Hadith say, “ The prophet said this, or 
something like this, or some words to that effect!"
· Ibn Ziad said (to the Imam), "I shall not lay my head on a soft pillow nor

taste good food until I slay you.” The Imam said, 'The people of your city 
Koofa had written to me (so I came); if you do not like my coming, I shall 
go back.” Then he also asked *Umar bin Saad to let him leave since the earth 
is vast, but he did not get leave. (And he said that while, according to the 
writer, he was there for Jihad!)
*[Persians had a particular grudge against Saad Bin Abi Waqas [R.A.] because 
he had conquered Persia. So the name of his son was tagged here although he 
was a commander of troops in Syria].
· On Ashura day (10th Muharram) Yazeed the bastard, son of a bastard has 
forced me to choose between death and disgrace ( People had strongly advised 
him against this course! And, could it be the language used by Imam 
· Three days before the martyrdom of Hussain, Umar bin Saad put a 500 strong 
column of troops on guard at the river Euphrates to completely deny access 
to water for the Imam and his companions. The Imam delivered a speech 
saying, “Think! Who my father, my grandmother were, to whom I am a brother, 
etc. Voices were heard from the enemy camp, "We know all this, yet kill you

we must in your state of thirst! (When the object was to kill, what extra 
were they to gain by killing a thirsty person!)
· The Imam demonstrated a miracle near his tent. He dug the soil a little 
with a spade. All of a sudden a fountain of cool and sweet water gushed 
forth from the desert. All of them drank to their fill and filled up their 
water-skins (Lo, the water problem got watered down!)
· From those tyrants the Imam had sought respite for one night. This was the 
Ashura night. The Imam and his companions spent the night in prayers and 
atonement and pleadings to Allah for mercy. They wailed and chanted over 
their beads. There were sounds from the tents like humming from a beehive.  
[For historians to suggest that none of the prayers of those exalted 
personages was responded, is an insult to them!]
· Many people left the Imam and disappeared into the dark of the night. To 
those left with him he gestured to look upwards at the sky. That is when one 
of the companions beheld his abode in paradise. (The Qur’an says that the 
Paradise surrounds the earth and the skies and is not restricted to a place. 
Imam Hussain could have said nothing at variance with the Quran!)
· Imam Zainul Abedin relates that when Imam Hussain spoke verses about his 
death, his aunt i.e. Hazrat Zainab started beating her face with hands and 
tore up her clothes. She then fainted. Zain’s father i.e. Imam Hussain said, 
"My sister, I serve an oath on you. Please keep my oath. After I am gone, do

not tear up your clothes, do not scratch your face, and do not wail" 
(Offenders against Islam insinuate that nobody, not even Zainab complied 
with the oath.)
· "On the other side there was an army of hundreds of thousands. Still the 
exalted Imam arrayed his small force for battle in the form of a vanguard, a 
rear, the flag bearer etc. etc. Aqai Darbandi writes that the opposing army 
comprised of six hundred thousand cavalry and two hundred million infantry."

(What was that if not collective suicide? Would Imam Hussain adopt such a 
course? If his sole objective was martyrdom, he would not expose his family 
and his companions to this peril. The exalted Rasool had advised that a 
believer should not expose himself to disgrace. Asked about an explanation, 
he remarked that exposing one's self to a peril that one cannot cope with, 
is exposing one's self to ignominy.
· The Imam addressed Shamar bin Ziljoshan as “O son of a shepherdess!”
· "The Imam prayed for the torment of Fire for Ibn-e-Abijaveria. At once he

fell in blazing fire in a trench and got burnt to ashes. He prayed to God 
forTameem Bin Hassen to die of thirst that very day. He (Tameem) fell off 
his horse due to acute thirst at the bank of the river Euphrates and his 
horse trampled him to death."
If the prayers of Imam Hussain were so fruitful why could he not turn away 
his own trials and tribulations! The truth is that no such episode happened 
to him even in his dreams. In fact, he was martyred while he was the 
Governor of Iraq, by Jaban Bin Hormuzan in the capital city Koofa,
· Parties to the battle arrayed themselves in battle formation. Twenty 
millions and six hundred thousand on one side and only seventy-two on the 
other! Even thirty thousand against seventy-two would be pointless!
· That day there was hue and cry in the tents. (Allama Mujtahid Muhammad 
Hussain writes that it was a God-ordained calamity for them. The Imam kept 
briefing them about the oncoming events many times a day after these were 
revealed to him from God. According to the Allama this was not an unforeseen 
Why then the hue and cry?
· God’s creatures! I have taken refuge with God against harm from you!
(Is it possible that he would beg for refuge but it would not be granted?)
· The Imam called for the steed of the Rasoolullah called *Murtajiz. He rode 
the steed and started urging his companions to do battle. Hur walked over to 
Hussain's side.
· “Hur said, “O people of Koofa, after his passing away you have treated 
descendents of the Rasoolullah  !”
*[We are talking about events that took place fifty years after the Rasool 
passed away. Based on this, the steed Murtajiz should have been about 
seventy years of age. Do horses live that long?]
· “Upon hearing this Umar Bin Saad shot the first arrow at Hussain’s army 
and with this followed a shower of thousands of arrows.”
Only a few excerpts have been picked out with great caution so that this 
booklet should be restricted in its bulk. Even then, I have not restricted 
myself to only ten or twenty points in from various voluminous books in 
order to convey to you what has been written in them about the illustrious 
Imam. The books from which the excerpts have been taken are so numerous that 
several pages are needed just to record the list of titles. I am giving only 
a few titles as examples:
Tareekh-e-Tabri, Asool-e-Kafi, Sunan Ibn Maja, Shaheed-e-Insaniat, Aashar 
Bahaar, Sirreshahadatain, Amalissadooq, Tafseer Baizawi, Nihjul Balagha, 
Ainee Sharh-I-Bokhari, Irshad Shaikh Mufeed, Alakhbaril Awalee, 
Maqtal-I-Makram, Maqtal Ibn Sahili, Kamil Ibn Kaseer, Nafsul Mahmmom, 
Qamqam, Alhussain Maqtal Muqarram, Nasikhuttawareekh, Waqai- 
Ayyam-e-Muharram, Zakheeratud Darain, Murawwajuzzihab, Maqtal Khurarizimi, 
Manaqib Shahr Ibn Ashobe, Maqatilul Talibeen, Shahadat-e-Hussain, 
Zibh-e-Azeem, Alamamat Wassiasat, Kanzul Amaal, Isteab, Sawaiqul Mahraqa, 
Addama assabiha, and many others.
All these references you can look up in a book titled Mustatab Saadatud 
Darain fi Qatlil Hussain by Allama Sarkarusshaikh Muhammad Hussain in 
Maktabat assibtain.
· “With the downpour of arrows, the illustrious Imam launched an impromptu 
attack on the adversary army. The battle continued for an hour. He lost 
fifty of his companions.”
(Against a shower of thousands of arrows there is no possibility of a single 
soul from the seventy-two arrayed combatants surviving. On top of this (we 
are told) those few combatants were fighting twenty million six hundred 
thousands enemy for an hour. Even standing against thirty thousand (the 
number reported by alternative sources) of the enemy is beyond belief. The 
shower of arrows would end the battle instantly, no one from the opposing 
side would have survived!
·              “A martyr has seven benefits from Allah. One of them is that his head 
rolls into the laps of two houris.”
(One lap should be enough for one head!)
· “The esteemed Habeeb bin Mazahir dispatched to hell sixty-five of the 
Koofis and, Zaheerulbijli one hundred twenty. Aabis bin Abi Shoaib knocked 
down more than two hundred, Yahya bin Kaseer fifty, Janada bin Haris 
sixteen, the Turk slave of the Imam Wazih ya Qarib seventy, Ins binil Haris 
in his advanced old age (95 years) eighteen. Hajjaj bin Masrooq killed 
twenty- five; Anees bin Moqal twenty and Ibrahim binul Hassein eighty-four. 
Malik bun Daood dispatched sixty and Zarghama bin Malik sixty (so on and so 
Needs no comment!
· Eight slaves of the Lord of Martyrs were martyred. (Allah and his Rasool 
had abolished slavery. How could Imam Hussain take slaves? )
(Please also note that the title ‘Lord of Martyrs’ has been used by many 
historians for Hadrat Hamza.”
· Prince Ali Akbar expressed a wish for grapes; Imam Hussain raised his hand 
to the pillar of the mosque and handed a bunch of grapes to the prince.
· Prince Ali Akbar was married because he had an Umm-I-Walad.
(What is an Umm-I-Walad? A concubine who bears a child).
· Prince Ali Akbar killed two hundred people. However, his steed took him 
towards the enemy troops. The tyrants cut him up in pieces with their 
(That treacherous steed should be symbolically flogged in the Taazia
Readers! Along with these events, the historians have related exchanges of 
verse and dialogues as if it were an eyewitness account. This is inspite of 
the fact that Tabari compiled the first history of Muslims nearly two 
hundred and fifty years after Imam Hussain‘s martyrdom. For lack of space we 
have not included here these dialogues or running commentarie.
· Many writers say that there is a criterion for authenticity of the events 
of Karabala and that is ths: If an event is found in books written by 
scholars then it is true. (This criterion needs examination by fair-minded 
· At many places it has been written that the Imam broke down in tears at 
martyrdom of a certain person or at such and such happening.
(The Rasoolullah said that Sabr (patience) is something that is to be 
exercised at the time of a misfortune and not later. Suggesting that a brave 
and great person like Imam Hussein broke down time and again is an insult to 
· At the martyrdom of Prince Ali Akbar sounds of wailing came from the 
tents. Imam Hussain says, "My daughter Sakeena, fear God".
Means that crying, wailing, and breast-beating invite the wrath of God.
· "The remnants of the progeny of Abu Talib, which numbered only five or  
six, attacked the army of thousands spontaneously".
(Flight of imagination!)
· "Prince Qasim, son of Imam Hasan, came out of the tent on his way to the 
battlefield. The Uncle and the Nephew embraced each other and wept so much 
that both lost consciousness".
· "God administered weird punishment upon one who martyred Muhammad son of 
Ali bin Abi Talib. He drank so much water that his belly split open".
· "Abdullah son of Hasan was eleven: he addressed one of his enemies as 'O 
son of an evil woman!"
(Being son of Imam Hassan how could he be so abusive-even to an enemy!)
· "Abbas son of Ali was called the 'moon' of the (tribe of) Banu Hashim. He

was so tall that when he rode a horse his feet would touch the ground".
(He ought to have been ten or eleven feet tall!)
· (The same) Abbas launched such fierce attacks on the enemy that the right 
wing of the enemy turned the left wing and the left wing turned the right 
Hold your breath…
· "Last of all came Imam Hussain's turn. The evening was drawing close. (He

was) all alone, fifty-seven years old, hungry and thirsty for several days, 
in intense heat, and with a heart broken by lives lost!"
Excellent portrayal of the setting by Mir Anees: -
The gloom of tyranny has engulfed Zahra's moon,
What kind of loneliness has gripped Shabbir!"
· The author of Saada Tuddarain writes, "If Hussain had really wanted to 
defeat the enemy and capture power, that was easy. He would have placed 
Abbas on one side of his, Ali Akbar on the other, Muhammad bin Hanfia (son 
of Hanfia, son of Ali, Allah be pleased with him!) and Muslim son of Aqeel 
would have been somewhere in the middle. Then he would have attacked the 
rival army (of twenty million, six hundred thousand or thirty thousand or 
forty thousand as the case maybe?). That would have changed the face of the 
battlefield at Karbala.”
(How could four or six or seventy or seventy-two men change the face of such 
a battlefield?) One would have to take leave of one's senses to believe 
· "In the meanwhile God sent down a bird that fluttered its wings over Imam

Hussain‘s head. (The bird said), 'God says that if you wish He shall grant 
you victory over the adversary'. This was God's succor.”
(Succor, a bit too late!)
· "Then four thousand angels came on to the Karbala battlefield with shouts

of support. However, the lord of the martyrs did not allow them to take part 
in Jihad".
· "Then countless Jinns came to offer their services; but the Imam of the 
times did not accord acceptance to their offer."
· "The Imam brought the infant prince Ali Asghar out of the tent. He 
requested (the enemy) for water for the infant. In answer, some barbarian 
shot an arrow as a response to the quest for a sip of water. The (little) 
prince breathed his last in the Imam’s arms. The blood that gushed forth, 
the Imam caught in his palm and threw up to the sky. No drop of this sacred 
blood came back down”.
(Where did it go?)
· "In the tents, Imam Hussain bade good bye to Sakeena, Fatima, Zainab and 
Um Kalsoom. Sakeena said, 'Father, have you prepared yourself for death? 
Imam said, 'What can a friendless person do but accept death!”
(Readers, is this reporting not derogatory to the courageous Imam Hussain in 
CAUTION:  All criticism of the author is directed to the historians, and not 
at all to the respected personalities of Islam. Hadhraat Ali, Fatima, Hassan 
and Hussein [R.A.] all of whom command our reverence and respect.
Hussain Appears (Allah be pleased with him)
Shabbir came out of the tent like a funeral leaving a house! (Mirza Dabeer's 
(How could a lion hearted person like the Exalted Imam come out like  a dead 
body when going for his martyrdom?).
· "Four Thousand archers were showering arrows but the son of the Lion of 
Allah killed one thousand nine hundred and fifty rascals.”
(And that under a shower of arrows!)
· "Imam spurred his horse towards the Euphrates. The arrow of a ruffian 
pierced his throat. Blood filled his palms; he threw the blood upwards. His 
horse bowed its head to drink water. The Imam said, 'O horse, you are also 
thirsty; I shall not drink until you do! 'But the loyal steed raised back 
its head. The Imam came back to tents. He warned his family to be ready for 
trials and tribulations.”
· "He went back to the battlefield and (with the arrow still stuck in his 
throat) started killing the enemy in piles. The enemy rearranged the 
troops*. So many arrows were shot at the Imam that his delicate body became 
like that of a porcupine. But he (the Imam) persisted in his 
(Mark the adjective ‘delicate’ for his body!)
[*Note this rearrangement being done for fighting with a single warrior!]
· "In the course of battling the enemy, the Imam reached a place called 
Zulkifal about twelve miles away". (With his body like that of a porcupine!)
IMPORTANT:  We must remember that all our criticism is directed at the 
flight of imagination displayed by our chroniclers! To ascribe conjectural 
and impossible tales to the sacred personalities is in fact exposing them to 
ridicule. The author has tremendous respect for Hadrat Hussain and his 
household in his heart. And, that is why this book has been written.
· "The wounds received so far were counted; they were one thousand nine 
hundred and fifty."
(Who counted them? How?)
· "One of the tyrants hit his forehead with a stone, then shot him with a 
three pronged arrow that pierced his body and went through his chest. He 
(the Imam) tried to pull out the arrow from the front but could not do so.”
· Then arrows, spears and swords started striking him from all directions*. 
His condition was failing due to thirst. Again and again he was asking for 
water but the enemy was advancing towards him in droves.”
*[What further could the swords, spears and arrows do to a body already like 
that of a porcupine?]
· "The Imam could not pull out from the front side the three pronged arrow 
piercing his body, so he bent down and pulled it out from the back”
(A three-pronged arrow would drag with it the heart and the lungs!)
· "His blood oozed out as if from a spout. When the cup of his hands was 
full he threw the blood skywards. Not a single drop came back down!.”
(Where did it go?)
· "One of the tormenters struck him in the back with a spear with such force

that he could not stay up in his saddle. He fell to the ground from his 
horse on his right cheek. Then he stood up. Thereafter he traveled quite a 
distance to the place destined for his death.”
· "Hassein Tameemi shot an arrow into his mouth. Abu Ayoob shot at his 
throat. Zaraa bin Shareek struck a blow with the sword at his left shoulder. 
Another scoundrel struck the right shoulder with a sword. Sana Bin Ins 
struck a spear at the collarbone that made the Imam fall face downwards. 
Then he got up and pulled out the arrow from his throat.”
· "The enemy surrounded him. Now they set about to kill him. (What more had

they to do for killing him!)
It appears that the narrators would not pronounce anybody dead until his 
head was still on the shoulders! Had Imam Hussain not been struck fatal 
blows already? If his surviving all that was due to some immunity as an 
Imam, why had Hazrat Ali died of the blow from Ibn Maljam and Imam Hasan 
from poisoning, both so easily?
· [Nobody can die as long as his head is not cut off!] Here is another 
example of this ridiculous maxim of the narrators:
"Now Her Excellency Zainab came to the tent door. She addressed the entire 
force of the enemy (beseeching them not to kill the Imam?). But she could 
not save her brother.”
·With the Imam squatting on ground, Malik Bin Nasr struck him on his head. 
The cap underneath his turban got cut up. [ For a turban or a cap to stay in 
place after such a fierce struggle seems impossible.]
· "His head was split. His cap was drenched in blood. The Imam took the cap

off. Then he bandaged his head. Quite a while had passed after his fall from 
his horse but (apparently) no one wanted to kill him.”
· "Now Shamarul Joshan came forward. This rascal had vitligo. (The narrators

seem to have forgotten that earlier, they had described him as a leper.”
· "The rascal Shamar sat down in an indescribably rude fashion. The Lord of

Martyrs looked towards him and said, 'The Rasool (pbuh) was right when he 
said that he was witnessing a dog with white spots dipping its snout in his 
family’s blood)." [Can such be the language employed by the Rasoolullah? ]
· "That cruel person struck twelve times with his blunt sword and severed 
the head of the Rasool’s grandson from the hind side of his neck." (And our

narrators counted those twelve blows centuries later.)
The Night of Destitution
Readers, Contents of this chapter have been taken from many books.
Alsheikh Muhammad Hussain says, "There are a lot of gatherings for wailing.

As soon as Muharram moon appears, mourning attire is worn, wailing sessions 
are held, Dirges and mournful chants are recited, and alluring speeches made 
and listened to, tears shed, heads slapped, and chests beaten. If this is 
all that we have learnt from the martyrdom of Hussain, then it is no less a 
tragedy for the Islamic world than the tragedy of Karbala itself.
“Mourning Hussain, gazing at the beauties!”
            "The holy Imams used to richly reward poets reciting acclamatory

odes       and mournful verses.
             “ Professional reciters of elegies to the  martyrs of Karbala 
conduct elegy sessions at places of prostitutes and charge them fees.”
"The Prelates ask (in consternation),' If paganism rises from Kaaba itself,

what room is left for Muslimism!’”
           . Speakers and Elegists endeavor to draw acclaim from the 
audience and           win approval of the sponsors.
. The Rasool said, "It is enough for being a liar to repeat all that one 
hears".(Ref. Nihjul Balagha) (And the story of Karbala is nothing but a word

of mouth!)
>From the great detail of the story of Karbala appearing in these books, one 
would think someone was making a running commentary as an eyewitness. The 
same is characteristic of our poets.
. The Reciters should not read in a sing song fashion because there is a 
saying by the Rasool (pbuh) that the first song was sung by the Satan when 
Adam had eaten of the forbidden fruit.”
. The reciters relate Karbala episode in the manner of putting quails to 
. Do not acquire knowledge of Deen from anyone other than Shias! (Imam Musa 
."Wail and whimper to your heart's content or at least assume a mournful 
expression. In this way, eventually you will be accomplished in the art of 
Imam Hussain's date of birth was fifth of Shaaban of 4th year of Hijra.”
. Rasool of Allah brought Hussain up by having his tongue sucked by Hussain. 
The Rasool would stick his tongue in Hussain's mouth who would suck so much 
that the flesh of Prince Hussain grew out of that of the Rasool. The prince 
did not suck milk from the breast of the Syeda or of any other woman.(From 
Aldamaas Sakiba)
Readers, this narration is (1) an insult to Imam Hussain, his mother Fatima 
and to the Prophet (pbuh),   (2) It ridicules the Laws of Nature and (3) It 
is an insult to human intelligence.
. When Imam Hussain was born, Allah ordered houris to enhance their 
beautification and the angels to increase their praising of Allah (From 
Baharul Anwaar).
"Accompanied by four thousand angels, the angel Gabriel presented his 
congratulations in the court of the Rasool of Allah, at the same time 
offering his condolences (Amali Sheikh Sadooq)
(Congratulations and condolences at the same time!)
One day Ibrahim, the son of Allah's Rasool and Hussain, his grandson were 
perched on his left and right thighs respectively. Gabriel appeared with a 
message from Allah that He did not want both of them to live so he should 
sacrifice one for the other. He (the Rasool) said 'Ibrahim's mother is a 
slave woman; if he dies only I will grieve.”
[ The Quran abolished all types of slavery.  To ascribe to the Rasool, 
discrimination against slave men and women is blasphemy no matter who does 
that whether an Imam or a Faqeeh. Also one has to ponder, is not a slave 
woman a mother and a woman just the same as any other?]
16. "He (the Rasool) said, “I sacrifice Ibraheem for Hussain.”  So Ibrahim 
died three days later.”  ( Note the helplessness of the Almighty  and cult 
of the personality worship to its extreme!)
. In his lifetime the Rasool brought into being four creatures who were the 
exact replicas of himself. These were Ali, Fatima, Hasan and Hussain. (From 
Akhlaqal Aimma)
18. A Nabi and an Imam has to be capable of bringing about miracles.
19. About Shahrbano, daughter of Yazdjard bin Shaheryar, son of Parvez, son 
of Hormuz, son of Cisra Nawshervan, Sheikh Mufeed says that she arrived 
during the time of the Visible Caliphate of Lord of the Faithful Hazrat 
Ali.( Muntakhibut Tawareekh).                                                
                                      (There is no mention of an "Invisible"

as against a "Visible" caliphate in either the Quran or the Hadith. What

does an Invisible caliphate denote?)
20. Imam Zainulabedin was born to (the same) Shahrbano. That is why he is 
called Ibnul Khairatain ('son of twin nobilities', in English) i.e. the 
progeny of Bani Hashim of Arabia and of Naushervan of Persia. (Bahaarul 
Anwar). (But was it not her great grandfather, the same insolent Khusro 
Parvez who tore up the memorandum sent to him by the Rasool? To compare the 
nobility of the Persian kings to the household of the Prophet is inferiority 
complex of the narrators and an to insult to the Prophet.)
21. Rabab, that unrivaled wife of Imam Hussain lived only a year after the 
Karbala episode. She spent that entire one year in the sun and never sat in 
shade.(From Muntakhibut Tawareekh).
22. "Reliable books mention only five wives of Imam Hussain-Shaherbano, 
Laila, Rabab, Umm-I-Ishaq, Qazaiea (Muntakhibut Tawareekh) There were some 
more too.”
(‘Reliable’ books mention two hundred, even three hundred wives of Imam 
23.“Imam Hussain had four sons and two daughters. The sons were Ali also 
called Zainil Abedin, Ali Akbar, Ali Asghar and Jaafar and daughters, 
Fatima, and Sakeena. Ali Akbar and Ali Asghar were martyred in Karbala. 
Descendents to Imam Hussain came only through Zainil Abedin. Today Hussain's 
progeny outnumbers the stars but there is no trace of Yazeed's descendents.”
(Quoting from Muntakhibut Tawareekh the author writes that the above 
statement is the gist of the Surah Alkausar.) In other words, the Surah is 
addressing Imam Hussain.
24."From the daughters the succession proceeded through Fatima who was the 
wife of Hasan Masanna (II). The latter was the son of Imam Hasan.”
Some food for thought here. Quran had done away with distinctions of color 
and race and the Rasool had trampled them under his feet. How far is it 
appropriate to make these distinctions a standard for human dignity?
A couplet :
25. Mohsin Bhopali is around, alive and kicking. May God grant him happiness 
and successes! He is a good poet. He wrote a couplet, which made it to the 
tip of every tongue:
Witness vagaries of the politics in vogue,
Destination is to those who did no traveling!
The second line is very fitting for the Eastern mind. Whoever lagged behind 
or became a loser neither surveyed himself nor observed others; only cried 
for creating a scene. Look, those who did not embark on the journey, got to 
the destination! An entertaining idea. However, it is odd that author of the 
book Saadatud Darain has used this couplet for alluding to the Companions of 
the Rasool. How? He says, "The true successors to the seat of the Rasool 
were cast aside and others captured the Khailafa.”
We think that the Honorables Abubakr, Umar, Uthman or Hadrat Ali could 
possibly not have appropriated to themselves the right to govern, they could 
not have sought it either. In fact that office was offered to them and they 
treated it like a burden. The Rasool [SAW] had declared, “We would not 
confer an office upon someone who seeks it. So the Khilafa or the government 
could not have been the goal of these high personages. Nor could the Rasool 
authorize the establishment of a hereditary rule. Loftiness of character 
should be the only measure of a person's esteem. Do you know that Muhammad 
Ali Bab of Iran who launched the Bahai creed in the Nineteenth century was a 
descendent of the Rasool? Father of (late) King Hussain of Jordan, the 
Shareef of Makka, was a descendent of the Rasool too. He was the one who 
joined the Lawrence of Arabia for pitting Arabs against the Turks? If the 
criterion of esteem is the ancestry or race, all Muslims should accept 
Prince Kareem Agha Khan as the Imam and unite under his leadership because 
he is a descendent of the Rasool!  And yes, Josh Maleehabadi of Yadon Ki 
Barat also claimed to be a descendant of the Rasool!
The Favorite Tales of Denying Water to Foes.
26. For some reason, stopping supply of water is a great favorite with our 
historians as a weapon of atrocities of oppressors. On the authority of the 
(so-called) Imam named Tabari , "Mujtahid" Muhammad Hussain writes, "The

besieging forces surrounded Hadrat Uthman’s palace and stopped the supply of 
water to him. Hasan and Hussain managed to get through with waterskins 
defying blockade by thousands upon thousands!" (But how?)
27. "The battle of Jamal took place on 10th of Jamadiussani, 36 A.H. Hadrat

Ali was 59 at the time. The world witnessed the sword that gleamed in 
battles of Badr, Uhad, Khandaq and Khyber, now shining against Talha, Zubair 
and Ayesha. Thirty thousand lives were lost  (Ref. Tabari). (The world did 
not witness that. Jews and the Zoroastrians spun this tale and Jareer Bin 
Rustam Tabari recorded it as history.)
28. Muawia seized the access to river Euphrates and stopped the supply of 
water to Ali (Allah be pleased with him). Ali's forces snatched the 
riverbank, but did not deny water to the enemy. This was in the battle of 
Saffain in which seventy thousand perished.”  This story is an invention of 
the so-called Imam Zahri and refined by Jareer Bin Rustam Tabri.
It is fascinating to note the popular twentieth century Mulla, Syed Maudoodi 
saying, "If we do not believe such tales what would be left with us?”
29. In the battle of Saffain (37A.H.) Aboo Musa Ashaari said to Umro Bin 
Al’Aas, "You are like a dog”. Umro responded, "You are like an ass.”
Could the people groomed by the Rasool S.A. be like that?
30. "However, in 38 A.H. Hadrat Ali had to battle with the Khawarij. It is 
called the Battle of Nahrwan. The Khawarij, who were on Hadrat Ali’s side in 
the battle of Saffain became estranged because of his negotiating a 
settlement with Muawia. Thousands were killed in the battle of Nahrwan as 
well" (Tabari).
31. "Muawia the Governor of Syria, occupied Egypt and started a guerilla war

against Hadrat Ali's army" (Tabari).
It is surprising that the Islamic Empire continued to thrive in spite of 
such destructive civil wars.
32. Hadrat Ali resolved to invade Muawia in Damascus to finish matters once 
and for all. He delivered a forceful sermon in the mosque and obtained 
support of Muslims. However, not a week had passed when on 19th Ramadan. 40 
A.H. right in the midst of his praying in the mosque Abdur Rahman Ibn Maljam 
Muradi struck on his head with a sword steeped in poison. He (Ali) died on 
Ramadan 21 of its effects.”
It is odd that Imam Ali, who was supposed to be aware of each and every 
event, anywhere, and at any time up to the doomsday, remained unaware of the 
impending attack of Ibn Muljim! If that is assumed as a reconcilement with 
fate, why did he exhort his forces to attack Damascus? Was he going to 
maneuver bloodshed amongst Muslims? Was his assassin indeed a Muslim named 
Abdur Rehman Ibni Muljim from the Khawarij and if so, was this his 
individual act? Is it possible that he (Ali) fell to machinations by the 
Maggians? (Please see chapter 13).
33. Hadrat Ali was so fed up with his people that he was harboring a death 
wish. He would say, 'You have filled my heart with pus and my chest with 
grief and exasperation.’
The Lion of Allah could not have said this; he was not suffering from 
34. "The Amir used to say, 'I wish that Muawiya would take ten men from me 
and in return give me just one of his.’ It was like exchanging gold with 
The Splitting Poison
35. Amir Muawiya through a conspiracy with Jaadah, a wife of Hasan had her 
administer him poison that split his liver into pieces. Jaadah was paid one 
hundred thousand dirhams and she was promised marriage with Yazeed. (Ref. 
There might exist a poison that can split the liver into pieces, but this 
defies known medical science. Also it is a matter of deliberation that Imam 
Hasan was a person capable of throwing away thousands of dirhams; how could 
his wife be bought off for a hundred thousand! Also the point to ponder is 
that in various books on the subject, Yazeed has been depicted as ugly, 
characterless and vulgar. How could Jaadah or any other woman prefer Yazeed 
to Imam Hasan? According to accounts in history, Imam Hasan was extremely 
opulent and commanded distinction and esteem with ample resources, a harem, 
three hundred wives, concubines and slaves and also a spiritual authority.
Further Calumny
36 "Imam Hussain sent a forceful and historic letter to Muawiya, and 
challenged him to deny that he had taken a born slave, Ziad Bin Sumiya, as 
brother. (Ref. Kitab-I-Irshad)
Again the lame concepts of slaves and owners and color and race!
37. "Muawia poisoned Abdur Rahman, son of Hadrat Khalid bin Waleed through 
his Jewish physician. That poison had the effect of rending his tummy.”  
(Kitab-i-Istiab) (We do not know what poison would do that!)
38. (Before that) the chief aid to Hadrat Ali, Malik Ashtar had also been 
finished off through poisoning (Tabari) (His tummy also split!)
39. Muawiya said to Imam Hussain, "You are a sacrificial lamb.”
40. When Muawiya despaired of Aisha, he got a pit dug; she died of falling 
in that pit (Kitab-I-Awail by Jalaluddin Sayyuti)
41. In 60 A.H. after ruling for full forty years, Amir Muawiya died at the 
age of 78 or 85".(Tabari) (Saada)
A discrepancy of seven years is nothing! Our smart historians can get away 
with difference of even half a century!
42. Yazeed was a drunkard, a lover of kebabs, and an addict of drugs. He 
wore silk and played on the tambourine. (Saada) He used to dress monkeys up 
as Ulema and made them dance. (Wow!)
43. While proceeding on the battle of Tabook, the Prophet appointed Ali as 
his deputy in Madinah. His companions became sure that he would appoint Ali 
as his successor. So they hatched a plot for killing the Prophet. While he 
was on his way back from the battle, 12 to 14 men advanced towards him and 
made an attempt to attack and finish him off. (Hadrat Umar was one of the 
assailants!) Hadrat Umar once swore to Hazeefa, “By God, I am of the 
hypocrites.” (Meezanul Etadal Zahbi)
44. "Hadrat Umar states, 'When at the event of Ghadeer, the Rasool announced

Ali to be the head, a handsome, fragrant young man happened to be standing 
near me. He said to me that the Prophet had that day tied a knot that no one 
except a hypocrite would be able to undo'. The Rasool said to Hadrat Umar, 
'O Umar, this was the angel Gabriel. You be careful and not untie that 
knot.'(Modaa, Syed Hamdani).
(Readers, Such are the tales that are spun in mythology of religions. Angels 
become 'fragrant young men, or they are suspended in wells, and the beloved 
of the angels is hangs in the sky as the Venice.)
45. "In Safar 11 A.H, a few days before he died, the Rasool, held back Ali 
and commanded the trio of companions, i.e. Abu Bakr, Umar and Usman, to 
leave Madina and go away for fighting the Romans. He wanted them to be away 
at the time of his death because if they would not be present in Madinah, 
there would be no dispute about the Caliphate. But, they did not leave". 
(Almilal wannahal)
What sorts of people had the holy Prophet gathered as his close companions!
46. In his last days the Rasool wanted to write down an Order so that the 
people of Islam are not lead astray. But the No.2 (Hadrat Umar) barred the 
way saying 'This man is delirious'. Then he said, 'Allah’s Book is enough 
for us.” (Bukhari, Mishkat).
These very books say that the companions were not present with the Rasool at 
the time of his death. According to the same books, after this fiction about 
the so-called Episode of the Paper, the Prophet lived for three more days. 
Could he not have written down the Order later? Could he not have given a 
verbal command and others would have written it down? Why would he leave 
this Paper pending till the last days after his 23 years of mission as the 
47. If the companions did not refrain from making an attempt on the 
Prophet’s life for their personal ends, murdering his grandson was no big 
deal for them!” (Sa’ada)
48. "When the Prophet died, the Companions abandoned his dead body and 
disappeared. They came back after three full days. No.1 (Hadrat Abubakr) too 
came back after three days and thus the corpse remained without burial for 
three days. People were busy in pledging allegiance to No.1" (Tabari and 
Seera Halbia)
The son of the defeated Persia Rustam's Zoroastrian child Tabari has woven a 
yarn of spell of which none of our historians has managed to break free. The 
Qur’an testifies that the Prophet was Almuzammil (elector of the best 
friends). Could his companions behave in this manner?
49. The same Tabari writes that "Hadrat Umar accompanied with some others 
reached at the door of Hadrat Ali and Hadrat Fatima with firewood and fire 
and said, "Come out and pledge fidelity to Hadrat Abu Bakr otherwise I shall

set your house on fire!”
Look at the magic of Tabari that a researcher like Shibli Nomani writes in 
his book, "Alfarooq” that 'considering the fiery temprament of Hadrat Umar,

such behavior was not beyond him.'
50. No.1 (Hadrat Abu Bakr) sent down fire and firewood, No.2 (Hadrat Umar) 
carried this stuff. So it is not surprising that Shimar raised his sword 
against Imam Hussain."
51. Mujtahid Muhammad Hussain says,'It is a settled principle of Islamic 
Sharia that sons and daughters inherit a father's property.”
He has not made plain whether he is referring to some provision of a 
mullah-concocted Sharia or it is a Commandment from the Quran. The Quran is 
explicit on this subject. Making a will is an obligation (2/180), and can be 
in benefaction of any one,whether someone of the kin, or not. Blood 
relations would share only the estate left over after distribution according 
to the will (if any), (4/11,4/34).
52. "Lady Fatima died of grief that she was deprived of the inheritance of 
the Garden of Fidak.”
Isn’t this assertion as an insult to the noble lady? Both Hadrat Ali and 
Fatimah R.A. had been tutored by a personage who considered lack of want as 
a matter of pride. These venerable personages had no craving for wealth or 
for power.
53. "Election of Hadrat Usman was disastrous for Islam.” (Sa’ada)
On the other hand for centuries up to and after the reign of Hadrat Uthman, 
Islam advanced like a torrent that no one could hold back.
54. "Imam ibn-e-Timya, Mohyuddin-ibn-Arabi, Mullah Ali Qari, Hafiz 
Ibn-e-Hajar, Haji Makki, and Imam Ghazali etc. have upheld Imam Hussain's 
killing.”  Isn’t it pathetic?
Like all others, these big names will also be answerable for their doings.
55. "Imam Hasan had handed over the Caliphate to Amir Muawiya for his life 
time with the stipulation that the Caliphate should return to him." 
What happened to the Quran’s injunction of the Shura (mutual counsel)?
56. "Countless different dishes used to be put before Muawiya. He would 
exhaust himself eating but his stomach never got filled." (Anwarul Lugha)
Yazeed son of Muawiya R.A.
57." There was no consensus in the reign of Amir Muawiya." (Ibid)
If there is no Shura (consensus) and power is transferred through 
inheritance, it would be a monarchy, not a caliphate. How could then 
Caliphate or Monarchy flow to Hadrat Ali's progeny, generation after 
58. "Yazeed son of Muawiya raised dogs, monkeys and leopards. He would wed 
his stepmothers and took his daughters and sisters in marriage. He drank 
openly. At nights he would listen to tales of loot and plunder surrounded by 
hoards of thieves and robbers. He used to dress up monkeys as the Ulema and 
then made them dance". (Tareekhul Khulafa)
Here, one speculates that the imagination of our historians has peaked, but,
59. "Three days and nights in Hijra 62, Yazeed ransacked Madinah. Ten 
thousand people of Madina were killed and seven hundred companions of the 
exalted Prophet were put to death. Hundreds of women and three hundred 
virgins were dishonored. He had mules and donkeys tied in Masjid-e-Nabvi.” 
60. Imam Zahbi writes, "Due to Yazeed's evil doings, God did not prolong his

life and he died in 64 A.H. at the age of 30 (and many of his daughters were 
widowed at the ages of five and six).(Meezanul Etadal)
The assumption seems to be that dying young  is a sign of vice and dying old 
is a sign of virtue!
The problem is that many Imams of the Asna Asri (Shias) died young. For 
example (Imam) Hasan Askari lived only up to 28. On the other hand Amir 
Muawiya’s life was too much blessed with longevity!
61. Mujtahid Muhammad Hussian, author of Sa’ada expounds on authorities 
Ahmad bin Hanbal Syed Aloosi, Ibn-e-Jauzi, Jalaluddin Seyuti,Qazi 
Shahabuddin Zahbi, and Mullah Abdul Hayee Afrangi Mahal that "To keep 
mouthing curses on Yazeed is a form of true worship.”
(On the other hand the Quran declares that those of old have passed on; and 
you shall not even be questioned about what they used to do!)
62. "Khilafa is not a childs play, KHALA JI KA GHAR. (Anwarul Lugha)
(So why keep it confined in one family?)
63.           Our historian does not seem to remember the account he just rendered 
about Yazeed's attack on Madinah. (See 59 above)  The Mujtahid says on page 
142 that "The virginity of one thousand women was violated and all got 
pregnant. One thousand companions of the Rasool S.A. were put to sword, 
seven hundred Qaris (reciters) of the Quran were slaughtered, dogs and 
wolves were let loose in the Majid Nabvi.”
The flight of his gossip then underscores:
"Is there still left any prospect of redemption for Yazeed?”
Shouldn’t the mullah be more concerned about his own redemption?
64.           The Mujtahid Muhammad Hussain has penned a line to the effect:
Who would have said prayers if Hussain had not sacrificed his head?
Who indeed is saying 'prayers'? Sunnis? According to Muhaddith Aljazairi, 
and other ulema, a Sunni's prayer is fornication! (Tafseerul Burhan/Imam 
Jafar Sadiq 4/453); Shias? According to Abdul Qadir Jilani the prayer of a 
Shia is idolatery (Ghuniatul Talbeen).
65. "Imam Hussain took up his Jihad with the purpose of promoting good and 
stopping evil.(Qumqam)
Shah Abdul Aziz Muhaddith Dehlvi writes that insurrection by Imam Hussain 
was for liberating the populace from tyranny.
But the Mujtahid says that the Imam "devastated Yazeed's palace.”
(When did that happen? According to their own reports Yazeed was indulging 
in an orgy of drinking)
65.           It is quoted from Hadrat Ali in Amali Sheikh Suddooq, "I, Fatimah, Hasan

and Hussain were with Allah's Messenger. Suddenly he looked at us and 
started crying over the atrocities that we were destined to face.
On the same page it is written that Hadrat Ali broke down into a surge of 
tears so much so that tears started trickling down from his beard onto his 
(Readers, neither the Messenger of Allah nor the great Ali was such weakling 
as to break down in the fashion described. They were the nobility with 
resolution, character and valor and by virtue of their qualities, changed 
this world.)
67.           "Imam Hasan said, 'I shall be secretly poisoned to my martyrdom.” 
(The same book says, at many places, that nothing remains hidden from the 
68. "Imam Hasan told Imam Hussain that blood would rain from the skies on 
the latter’s slaying and all that is in the universe would weep loudly over 
the tribulation. So much so that beasts of the jungle and fish of the oceans 
would also be crying." (Ibid)
Now if you can force that kind of Islam down the throats , MORE POWER TO 
69. Nafsal Mahmoom , Aashar Bahaar and other books contain many observations 
to the effect that trials and tribulations were foreordained for Imam 
Hussain and his household.
But the Quran says that a man deserves what he strives for.
The believer writes his own destiny.
And if, we accept the argument then the entire bustle and bother is 
pointless. Why write about it, talk about it or cry over it?
68.           "Imam Hussain said, 'I have heard from my grandfather that Khilafa is 
contraband for the seed of Abi Sufian." (Aashar Bihaar and Malhoof)
According to the Quran, heredity, kinship and ancestry have no value or 
significance. Honor must be based only on character, so the Messenger of 
Allah could not have said these words.
71. "Before departing from Madinah, Hussain had a dream which made him cry.

He broke down crying at the grave of the Messenger of Allah. He cried after 
meeting his kin. Then he prayed to Allah to guide him to the path approved 
by Allah as well as his Messenger; he cried then still more. (Maqtal Awalam, 
Asharuddama, etc. etc.)
(Contradictions abound in these reports. Predetermination of fate, Approval 
of Allah and His Messenger, and breaking down in tears at each and every 
step! And that too when the Paradise, the venerated grandfather, parents and 
kith and kin were awaiting him!)
72. Half-brother of Imam Hussain, Muhammad bin Hanfia, did not accompany him 
to Karbala from Madinah. The Imam took the progeny of his ancestor Abu Talib 
including his two sisters Zainab and Um Kalsoom, brothers, nephews, etc. No 
one from Banu Hashim except the descendants of Abu Talib accompanied him.
Chapter 8
After Hussain’s Martyrdom
1.                   "There was convulsion in the universe. Dark storms raged. 
Earthquakes rocked the whole of earth. Blood rained from above. There was 
thunder all around. Darkness fell all over and stars became visible in 
daytime. The darkness lasted for three days. Apparel and buildings became 
red with blood raining from skies. Blood filled pitchers and pots. Blood 
oozed out when even a pebble moved". (Aashar, Qumqam, Tareekh Ibn Asakar, 
Sawiq etc.)
These books state that for three days people around the world came to think 
that end of the world had come. However, it is odd that such a big incident 
has not found mention in histories of Rome, Egypt, Greece, India and other 
2.                   "What you call the red of twilight was never seen before martyrdom

of Hussain"(Sawaiq)
3.                  "When Hussain was martyred Allah sent down seventy thousand angels 
who would keep on shrieking in grief until doomsday. These facts indicate 
that weeping over martyrdom of Hussain and expressing grief and sorrow is a 
way of the Almighty God. Or, (in other words) the Almighty God has been 
crying since that fateful 10th of Muharram and shall keep on crying!” 
(Ghuniatal Talibeen)              We have been hearing about God who is 
Almighty, is he also the 'Helpless' God?
4.                   "To throw dust in one’s beard and on head is a tradition of the 
Prophet!" (Tirmizi Shareef. P.218, Dehli Edition). It should be borne in 
mind that the Prophet passed away 50 years before the 'Karbala' tragedy.
Let us hear some more gossip from historians, writing after three to four 
hundred years after the supposed events:
"The barbarians even stripped off the dress on the body of Imam Hussain 
which was already in tatters. The shirt was stripped by Ishaq Hadree, the 
trousers by Abjar Tameemi, the turban by Akhnas Hazri, shoes by Aswad bin 
Khalid, and the ring by Bajadal Kalibi (who also cut off his finger while 
doing so). His sheet covering was snatched by Qais bin Ashas; Umar bin Saad 
took away the armor called Tabra and (according to a report), men from the 
Adoo tribe made away with his sword.”
(It should not be confused with his famous sword called "Zulfiqar” that 
happens to be with Imam Mahdi (Ref. Malhoof). After naming the ten horse 
riders who trampled Hussain's corpse under horse hoofs, Abu Umar Zahid is 
attributed a statement in Malhoof, that the paternity of all the ten persons 
was investigated and all of them turned out to be born outside of matrimony 
(and this research, naturally, took place five hundred years later).
Islam came to do away with distinctions of color, race, heredity, ancestor 
supremacy and other such discriminations. With God, every human being is 
respectable as a birth right, wherever born.
6.                   After Imam's martyrdom, his charger toppled forty riders of the 
enemy and trampled them to death. (Manaqab Shahr Ashob), No? The charger 
reddened its forehead with Imam's blood, then started knocking the earth 
hard with its head, until it was dead (Aashar Bahar). No again? The charger 
committed suicide in grief of the Imam by drowning itself in the Euphrates 
(Nasikhut Tawareekh)
7.                  The poets ignite emotions thus:
Cart away mementos from the household of Ali and Batool                      
         Take the Prophet’s family away as prisoners!
8.                   "Those left behind after Imam Hussain were the sick Imam Zainul 
Abedin, a few ladies in purdah, and some children. Those who plundered goods 
from them met with a sorry fate. The person, who used the looted saffron, 
felt his body burning up. The henna became ashes and the camel meat turned 
9.                   Imam Zainul Abedin was in captivity. Yet through a miracle, he led 
in person the funeral of his father. (Rijal Kushi)
10.             "Then Imam Zainul Abedin, the son of Hussain bin Ali, moved a little 
earth from the grave-site. A grave was found dug ready. The sick Imam lifted 
his father’s body all by himself and lowered it into the grave. (Lilmuqaram)
The Sacred Head
11.             The Question: - Where is the head of Imam Hussain?
· "It is buried in Madinah". (Ref. Asool-I-Kafee wa Tahzeebul Ahkam).
· "It is close to the grave of Imam Hassan". (Ref. Khulasatul Wafa)
· (No)" It is somewhere else in Jannatul Baqee (Ref. Fatawa Qartabi)
· (Beg your pardon)"It was buried by the side of Ali the Ameer in Najaf.
(Ref. Kamiluzziara)
· (No again) "It is in the Rikah Mosque. (Ref. Abdullah bin Razzaq).
· "The Prophet himself rose from his tomb and came from Madinah and through

one of his miracles, took away the head with him from Damascus to Madinah. 
All others are false tales". (Says Qutub Rawindi)
· (Impossible!) "The fact is that Yazeed paraded the head in many towns for

public view. In the course of the proceedings, it ended up in Asqalan. The 
chief of that place buried it there.”
· "Yazeed deposited the head in his treasury.  When Salman son of Abdul 
Malik came to the throne, he learned of the head being there. He found the 
head radiant like polished silver. After keeping it with him for some time, 
he wrapped it in a shroud and had it buried with great reverence.”
The time of this burial is supposed to be 98 A.H. i.e. 37 years after 
Karbala was supposed to have happened. The recording of the event by authors 
of Sawaiq  and Tahzeeb took place centuries later still.
· (No) "Umar bin Abdul Aziz buried the head in Karbala during his reign.”
· Tahzeebul Ahkam records also that when Abbasids came to power in 130 A.H. 
(750 A.D.) they plundered Yazeed's treasury. A soldier caught sight of a 
bag. When he untied the bag in the open, he saw the head wrapped in silk. It 
had an Arabic writing on it to the effect that it was the head of Hussain 
son of Ali. Secretly, the soldier dug the ground with his sword and buried 
the head.
The soldier had secretly buried the head but Ibn-I-Toosi of Tahzeebul Ahkam 
got wind of it three hundred years later, presumably from the spirit of that 
soldier. One may recall that the same author of the Tahzeeb had mentioned 
Suleman bin Abdulmalik in this context.
Ibn-e-Jauzi rebuts all this. According to him, Mansoor found the head in a 
locked box in the treasury of Umayyids. He buried it in Damascus.
· Sensing the weak points of the stories that were current at the time, 
another historian named Maqrezi, flayed all other chroniclers, and did his 
own guess work. He has written that in the times of crusades, for fear of 
the Nazarites, the head was taken from Damascus to Asqalan. It was then dug 
up again on the 8th of Jamadiul Awwal, 548 A.H. and brought to Cairo. The 
head gave off fragrance as of musk and was dripping of fresh blood!
The Essence
12.             "Truth was beheaded in Karbala. Shimar's dagger cut off Imam Hussain's

head" (Ref. Nafsil mahmoom)
                                                         Earlier, it was 
said that it was cut by twelve blows of Shimar's sword!(Nafsilmahmum)        
when truth was beheaded all sacrifice ended in vain!)
14.           "The head of the martyr in Allah’s Cause was raised up high on a spear.

That was the moment that the truth was decapitated. (Shaheed-I-Insaniat).
If that is so, Jauhar is wrong in saying:
                            Murdering Hussain was indeed death to Yazeed;    
                         Every Karbala gives Islam a new life!
14.             "Bibi Shahrbano took her own life by jumping in Euphrates.(Manaqib, 
Ibn-I-Shahr Ashob)
15.             (Impossible)! Bibi Shahr Bano died when Imam Zainul Abedin was born 
(Israrul Shahadat)
16.             According to Kitab-i-Israr, Bibi Shar Bano rode away to Jabal-i-Toos 
on the Imam's steed and her end is one of the unsolved mysteries of nature. 
(But the Imam's steed had died too!)
17.             "The caravan of captives of Karbala consisted of a string of 40 camels

carrying some women and some women of Fatima's progeny” (Ashir Bahar). Forty 
camels were far too many for such a small number!
18.             "Fatima daughter of Hussain said to a person from Koofa, 'Sit you like

a dog , the way your father used to'.(Malhoof P.137)
                                               Is the author of Malhoof 
presenting a specimen of language used by Fatima (Junior)?
19.           .  "Imam Zainul Abedin said to Ibn Ziad, 'No one dies without a Command

from Allah. My father also died by Allah's command.”
         (With such unshakeable faith in Allah's will it would not befit him 
to wail in the court of Ibn Ziad!)
20.             "Imam Hussain's head was being paraded in the streets of Koofa. The 
head was constantly reciting the ayahs saying 'See that the matters of men 
of Kahf and Raqeem were from our unique symbols. The audience spoke out, O 
son of the Prophet!, your affair is even stranger".(Ashir Bahar)
Every Clan will Long for Hussain… but
21.           "Imam Hussain used to call us profanities." (taunt by Bani Ziad Ref.

Nasikhut Tawareekh). It is further written that Imam Hussain drew his sword 
to slay them.
"When this destitute convoy was entering Syria, Yazeed was watching the 
scene from the upper floor of his house in Jerone. A crow cawed and Yazeed 
was delighted. He started humming a tune, 'I have settled scores with the 
                                                            Tabeen Najafi, 
the author of Tazkiratul Khawas must have overheard the caw-caw five hundred 
years later!
22. "Damascus was wearing a festive look that day.” (Qumqam).              
                                                               How could the 
people be celebrating the martyrdom of the grandson of the Prophet!
23.           "One of the fifty people who brought the Imam’s head from Koofa to 
Damascus reported that they would have a bout of drinking around the sacred 
head. On a dark night it so happened, that gates of the heaven threw open, 
there was thunder and lightning, all Messengers from Adam to Muhammad 
descended, accompanied by Gabriel and thousands of other angels. Gabriel 
lifted the sacred head, embraced and kissed it. All other Messengers 
[124,000] then did the same. Looking at the head of his grandson, the 
Prophet of Allah wept profusely. Other Messengers helped him compose 
himself". (Nafsil Mahmoom).
                                                             Were it that 
angel Gabriel would have carried the head to heavens!
24.  Ibn Jauzee has written in his Tazkirah that "five hundred years before

the birth of the Prophet, there was a verse etched on a stone in Saryani 
language to the effect that there would be a people who would slay Hussain 
and will at the same time be hopeful of intercession by his grandfather.”    
        Ibn Jauzee has not stated who saw the stone and where, and where it 
is now (or was then!)
25. "Near a mountain called Joshan, one of Hussain’s wives suffered a 
miscarriage. There were some people at work nearby. She requested them for 
some drinking water. Those people not only refused her request but spoke 
rudely. The lady laid a curse on them. There was a copper mine in that 
mountain. That mine was wrecked. (Mojamil baldan).                           
                  Why could her curse not destroy the army of Ibn Ziad?
26.It is reported in Maqtalul Hussain that "In the bazaars of Syria, the 
sacred head of Hussain went on  counting beads of a rosary. It was calling 
out that his martyrdom and the head being pierced with a spear was an 
episode stranger than the story of Men of the Cave".                       
                                 The Mullah takes this yarn to be a tonic 
for his faith, whereas the educated young make fun of their faith when they 
hear such things.
Yazeed's Court
27. "On the command from Yazeed a table cloth was spread over the sacred 
head. Yazeed indulged in a drinking spree along with his friends. He placed 
the head in a platter of gold, then placed a pillow on it. He spread 
chessboard over the pillow. When Yazeed would win rounds of chess from his 
friends, he would drink three chalices of liquor and would spill the froth 
near the sacred head. He kept on repeating, 'This is revenge for Badr.”
            28. "Yazeed read out to Imam Zainul Abedin the verse from the 
Quran, ‘The trials you meet are a consequence of your misdeeds.’ 'This ayah 
was not for us’, said Imam Zainul Abedin".  (Aqdul Fareed)
Ayas of the Quran are a guide for everyone!
29. "Yazeed asked, ‘What ayah has been revealed for you?’ The Imam replied,’

All misfortunes that come to you are pre-ordained. So we are people who do 
not mourn our dead'." (Tafseer Qammi) (Do we notice the contradiction? For 
centuries grieving and mourning has indeed been an integral part of the 
lives of these mullahs and their followers.]
Readers, Is not the whole lot of weeping and wailing these books so often 
attribute to the family of the exalted Prophet demeaning to his household? 
Is not continuance of mourning for thirteen centuries itself against Imam's 
Is there another people in this world who consider wailing and mourning a 
part of worship?
As Allama Iqbal said,                                                        
Listen ye to the bustle of merriment in mansions of Europe,
Look too at Iran getting ready for chest-beating!
30. "By Yazeed’s orders the sacred head of Imam Hussain was hung at the gate

of his palace and then, for forty days it remained perched on the minaret of 
the Jamia Masjid. (Nafsil Mahmoom)
And thousands and thousands of the public were idly witnessing the scene. 
How is that possible?
31. "A lady of the house, Hind Bint Abdullah Bin Aamir left the harem of 
Imam Hussain and became a wife of Yazeed." (Ashir Bahar)
This is quite demeaning of Imam Hussain!
The Sick Imam Zainul Abedin
32. "Yazeed commanded a policeman to take Imam Zainul Abedin to a certain 
garden, kill him and bury him there. He took the Imam to the garden and dug 
a grave with his sword. He was at the point of killing the Imam when an 
invisible hand slapped him so hard in the face that he died  and was 
automatically buried in the same grave".(Tazallumuz Zahra)
Why did not such a miracle happen in the battlefield of Karbala?
33. Imam Zainul Abedin was 23 years of age at the time of the Karbala 
tragedy. There are historians' reports that he wept over the woes of his 
late father for forty years. These add up to 63 years.
Malhoof records his year of birth as 38 A.H. and of his martyrdom in A.H.95. 
If he lived for 57 years in all, how is it that he kept weeping till he was 
And if he cried 40 years long what came of his status as Imam! Readers can 
decide whether things add up or not!
34. "As it happened, Ali son of Imam Hussain (Zain) set off towards the 
desert. His slave followed him. He heard him wailing loudly. The slave 
wanted to calm him down and asked him whether the wailing and crying would 
ever stop. He (Ali) said that Yaqub had twelve sons. One of them Yusuf was 
away from his presence for a while and even though he was still alive, he 
had become almost blind crying for his son. I, on the other hand, have seen 
seventeen people of my household lying dead including my father, brother and 
others. So my wailing cannot stop"  (Malhoof)
Tthis story would not throw favorable light on an ordinary person of faith, 
let alone a person of thestature of the Imam. Those people, shiny examples 
of steadfastness and fortitude, could not have spent lives in wailing and 
CAUTION:  All criticism of the author is directed to the historians, and not 
at all to the respected personalities of Islam. Hadhraat Ali, Fatima, Hassan 
and Hussein [R.A.] all of whom command our reverence and respect.
Chapter 9
Some Leading Characters
Let us now come to the facts. Let us bear in mind the fact that whatever  
beliefs from our childhood we have been told to embrace, and whatever 
narratives we have been reading or listening to, have stuck with us as a 
part of our inner self, indeed they intertwine with our emotional fabric. 
That is why people in general do not listen to anything that contradicts 
their beliefs; they get inflamed. A mullah would dub you an infidel.
This is the reason I wish to put up here a danger signal like a red STOP 
After this caution: Only those persons-women and men-should stay with me who 
have the guts to listen to the truth, however much outlandish. In the words 
of a poet,
Alas, hundreds of thousands of things to be said,
Remained unsaid for fear of public disorder!
However, according to Quran, hiding the truth in scholarship, after it is 
discovered, is a great offense (2/140).
To begin with, I state below, for public knowledge, years of death of some 
A.D.                                                                        Hijra
Calendar                                                    Calendar
The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)                                                             11                           632
Hadrat Abubakr Siddiq                                                                          13                           634
Hadrat Umar                                                                                                        23                           644
Hadrat Usman                                                                                      35                           656
Hadrat Ali                                                                                                            40                           660
Hasan son of Ali                                                                                   49                           670
Hussain son of Ali                                                                                 61                          680
Zainul Abedin Ali bin Hussein                                                  95                          712
Abujafar Muhammad Baqir                                                                    117                          731
Jafar Sadiq                                                                                                          148                         765
Abul Hassan Musa Kazim                                                                     182                          799
Abul Hassan Ali Raza                                                                           208                          818
Abu Jafar Muhammad Jawad Taqi                                                         220                          835
Abul Hassan Ali Hadi Naqi                                                                     254                          868
Abu Muhammad Hasan Askari                                               260                          874
Abul Qasim Muhammad Muntazir Mahdi (if at all born) disappeared at age 4 in 
260 A.H.
Hadrat Muawiya 60 680 Yazeed bin Muawiya                           64                           683
Now let us have a look at chronology of the historians who initially 
committed our history to writing, including the Karbala episode. Although 
writers of history differ from writers of Hadith, yet both groups have made 
use of each other’s writings. The compilation of these bulky books has 
resulted in mix ups, for example, history being found in a book of Hadith 
and vice versa. In itself there is nothing wrong with that. What is causing 
problems, however, is the tremendous amount of contradictions between the 
two sets since all these books were based on word of mouth. He heard from 
him who heard from so and so who in turn from this and that and so on. Then 
there is the description and analyses of character and credibility of the 
persons quoted. On top of this historians and compilers of Hadith have 
slighted the persons quoted, by implying at many places, that they 
themselves were not certain about their reporting
Now let us take a look at the years of death of these historians and 
Abu Abdullah Muhammad Bukhari                                                          256                          870
Ibnul Hajjaj Alqasheeri Muslim                                                261                          875
Abu Abdullah Ibn Yazeed Ibn Maja                                                         273                          886
Suleman Abu Daood                                                                                             275                         888
Abu Isa Tirmazi                                                                                    279                          883
Abu Abdur Rahman Nisai                                                                      303                          915
Muhammad Yaqub Kalini                                                                       329                          941
Abu Jafar bin Jareer bin Rustam Tabri                                                    310                          923
Please also in later pages…. The Hijra dates of the death of the four Imams 
about whom Mulla Jalaluddin Roomi wrote:
The true faith they made into four nations,
They created a rift in the Deen of the Rasool.
Further on the same Roomi says,
“The Companions were possessed by love of this world, so they left the 
Prophet unburied.”
The Muddle of the Science of 'Names of Individuals ' ASMA-UR- RIJAL’:
These were the names of the gurus of our history and traditions of the 
Prophet. Here it is noteworthy that first history of Muslims was written by 
Tabari, about two and three quarters centuries after the death of the 
exalted Prophet and two and a quarter centuries after the supposed incident 
of Karbala. And, he had nothing to refer to.
>From the Shiite point of view, history was first recorded by Imam Kaleeni 
even though he accomplished that even later than Tabari, i.e. at the start 
of the fourth century A.H. or two and a half centuries after the supposed 
Karabala. Tabari or Kaleeni, both built on hearsay. "He said that, so and so

said that, he heard so and so saying…”
Readers, we Muslims are a people with strange characteristics. We take pride 
in what we should be ashamed about! The scandal that should shame us is the 
so-called science of Names of Individuals. The mullah thumps his breast with 
the claim that Muslims have preserved the names of their five hundred 
thousand self-proclaimed scholars. Imagine a game of basketball or volley 
ball in which five hundred thousand players are throwing the ball at each 
other without any net or umpire! Dr. James Gibbs of Great Britain and Dr. 
Henry Springer of Austria have assailed the Muslim people over this 
spectacle. They say, these Muslims possess a living book but, sitting in 
their mosques, madrasahs and monasteries, they are throwing balls of 
obsolete history books at each other. These five hundred thousand phantom 
players are responsible for sectarianism amongst the Muslims. Dr. Gibbs says 
that it is strange that Muslims have so far divided themselves into only 150 
sects and not 500,000! If there can be 320 million Hindu Bhagwans, why 
cannot be 500,000 Muslim sects?
Our historians
It is significant that our historians, numbering in hundreds, are all of the 
period of Tabari or Kaleeni and later. None before them! If the question 
crosses one's mind what happened to the record of the golden period of the 
Muslim history, you get a startling answer! In 165 A.H. when Abbassid 
Khalifa Haroonur Rasheed asked Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal for evidence supporting 
his theories, the latter could not produce so much as a scrap of paper! Imam 
Ahmad endured flogging by Mamoonur Rashid over the barren debate on Quran 
being a creation or not, but he did not pronounce monarchy as un-Islamic. As 
time passed, monarchy continued to gain strength. Just as Imam Abu Yusuf, a 
disciple of Imam Abu Hanifa had become a court jurist (Faqeeh) of Banu 
Umayyah dynasty, the same way Tabari dug heels in the court of Khalifa 
Motamid in 270 A.H. Imam Ibn Jareer bin Yazeed Tabari,(the name adopted by 
him) submitted unquestioningly to writs of the Khalifa Almuqtadir Billah 
till his death in 310 A.H. In some books of history his real name is stated 
to be Ibn Jareer bin Rustam Ibn Tabari, disclosing his being a Parsi, for 
example in Kitabul Istaqama, P.137. This is the reason that till this day 
there are confusing reports about him whether he was a Shia or a Sunni, 
Khariji or Rafizi. (Yaqoot Muhammadi’s Muajjamil Aadbba 302 A.H.)  Gossip 
also goes around that Tabari son of Yazeed and Tabari son of Rustam were two 
different persons, although both were historians, shared one date of birth, 
died the same day and lived in the same town, in the same house. Both of 
them looked the same and dressed the same!  (Wow!)
Union of the Mullah and the Monarch
In short, during the reign of Khalifa Muqtadir Billah, royal delegates  were 
dispatched to Makkah, Madinah, Damascus, Qadisia, Koofa and other provincial 
centers. The contents of libraries there were destroyed and replaced by 
books written by people who were in reality the criminals against Islam. The 
question arises, how Tabari and other scholars like him acquire this much of 
power. You will be surprised to know that all the six so called Sunni 
Muhadditheen of Sahah Sitta, i.e. Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Daood, Ibn-I-Maja, 
Tirmazi and Nisai were from the defeated Persia. Similarly those 
Muhadditheen who are Shiites, like Sheikh Saddooq, Jafar Toosi and Abu Ali 
Tabrasi were of Persian origin. (None of them was an Arab!)
Abu Muslim Khurasani
Persians had become very strong in the governments at the very start of the 
Islamic era, and certainly not because of erosion of Abbassid regime. In 
fact the founder of the Abbassid dynasty was a sharp Zoroastrian. By 129 
A.H., due partly to the ineptitude of the last rulers of Banu Umayya and 
partly to propaganda by Zoroastrians, unrest had taken root in people of 
Khorasan. A large number of common people wanted to install Muhammad bin Ali 
bin Abdullah bin Abbas as Khalifa. Like Imam Zainul Abedin, his son Imam 
Baqir and after him his son Imam Jaafar Sadiq had altogether quit the 
political arena. To the good luck of Abu Muslim Khorasani, Mardan II, the 
son of Mardan Bin Hakam turned out to be a very incapable ruler.
Abu Muslim found the ground all to himself. Imam Muhammad bin Ali died in 
126 A.H. His son Ibrahim was declared Imam. Abu Muslim Khorasani talked Imam 
Ibrahim into killing all Arabs in Khorasan. This plot was exposed. Mardan 
the Second sent Ibrahim to prison and then killed him. His brother succeeded 
Imam Ibrahim as Imam Abul Abbas. Abu Muslim's mission was to prevent the 
establishment of a central authority among Arabs, indeed amongst Muslims in 
general. Therefore in 132 A.H. combined armies of Abu Muslim and Imam Abul 
Abbas destroyed the Umayyid regime. Mardan the Second was killed. All except 
women and children from Banu Umayya were killed too. Only a prince named 
Abdur Rahman managed to escape to Andalusia [Spain]. Fearful of Abu Muslim's 
rise to power, Abul Abbas got him killed, yet Persians remained very 
powerful in the early reign of the Abbassids. In fact, from 129 to 132 A.H. 
Persians directly ruled  the Muslim empire. (Tareekh-i-Islam by Dr. 
Haroonur Rasheed and Baramkah
This rise of the Zoroastrians lasted about two hundred years, their 
influence, albeit covert, was so much that a powerful king like Haroonur 
Rasheed would at times find himself powerless against them. Do you know that 
Haroonur Rasheed himself was the son of a Persian woman named Khezran? The 
Baramka were in fact Persians and were important pillars of Haroon's 
kingdom. Most historians acknowledge that in 187 A.H. Haroon had a good 
opportunity for easy conquest of present-day Turkey and Cyprus and later 
Constantinople (Istanbul). However the Zoroastrian Barmakis kept him 
occupied with the Arabian Nights Tales, in fun and merriment.  Haroon's 
ministers Khalid, Yahya, Fazal and Jafar were all Barmakis. They replaced 
Arabic with Persian as court language. It is astonishing that it was in 
Haroon's reign that the celebration of the Magian festival of Navroze 
started in great gusto replacing the Eids.
The question is how were people like Tabari, Kaleeni, Zahri, Ibn Ishaq, 
Tirmizi, Saddooq, Ibn-I-Saad and Waqidi etc. enabled to gain so much power? 
Not only they enjoyed privileges from the ruler, but also they had monopoly 
of penmanship. In return they used to proclaim the king as God's shadow on 
earth and would cook up history, Hadith and interpretations of the Quran 
that would endorse and validate the kings, palaces, harems and all kind of 
royal indulgence.
An example: Shah Abdul Aziz of Dehli, (died 1229 A.H.) gave an example of 
this in his journal. One day  Khalifa Mahdi Abbassi was flying pigeons. 
Ghias bin Mamoon Muhaddith saw this and said, "The Rasool has said that 
archery, horse racing, and flying pigeons is a believer’s grandeur.”
In the Hadith quoted though, the mention is of camel racing, not flying 
An irony: It is atrocious that when, attention of “Maulana” Maudoodi, the 
renowned author of the 20th century was drawn to this falsification, he 
wrote, "If we start doubting our history, what shall be left with us?” 
(Mazhabi Dastanain P.29)
Khalifa Haroon Rasheed had the most magnificent kingdom and possessed the 
strongest army of the times. He could easily have subdued the Byzantine, 
indeed the entire Roman Empire. Had he accomplished that task, there would 
have been no crusades in later years and Islam could have claimed the entire 
Europe with its benevolence.
Another Trickster
Now let us examine the position regarding Ibn-I-Shahab Zahri. Hujjatullah 
Abdul Qadir, Ali al-Qadiri Almusavi, author of Mizanul Faris states that 
this person passed in the second century A.H. and his real name was 
Ibn-I-Shahab Toosi. He was one of those hundreds of thousands of migrants 
who, after the Arab conquest of Persia, had settled in Iraqi cities of 
Koofa, Basra and Baghdad etc. A great number of our history books have named 
him as the second founder of Shia theology. (The first founder being 
Abdullah bin Saba, the Jew.)
In the book titled ‘Imam Zahri and Imam Taabr,the other side of the picture’ 
authored by Allama Tamanna Imadi, among others, it is stated that Zahri's 
role features prominently in all the differences between Shia and Sunni 
sects to this day. He used to fabricate a Hadith and then it was passed over 
to propaganda centers from where it made rounds of the entire Muslim world. 
Some Shia scholars acknowledge him as a Shia; others state him to be a 
Sunni. (Mufti Muhammad Tahir Makki). However, as a matter of fact Ibn Shahab 
Zahri had descended from the courtiers to the last royal dynasty of Iran the 
Sassanids and was a staunch Zoroastrian. Allama Imadi, Maulana Dost Muhammad 
Qureshi, Mufti Muhammad Tahir Makki and Allama Mujeebi are one in the view 
that some of the machinations of this Zoroastrian masquerading as Imam have 
lasted till today. He:
· Made up stories casting doubts about the collection and compilation of the 
· Broached the novel idea that some Ayahs of the Quran abrogate others;
· Concocted the foolish notion that Quran was revealed over seven readings;
·In context of Surah Annoor, presented Bukhari the yarn regarding calumny 
against Hadrat Ayesha. The Quran had not named Hadrat Ayesha, or any other 
person for that matter.
·Concocted too the episode regarding dispute among the companions of the 
Rasool over Caliphate in Saqeefa Bani Saada.
· Spun yarns about differences of Hadrat Ali with Hadrat Abu Bakr and Hadrat 
  · Invented stories about persecution of Hadrat Fatima, the dispute about 
the Fidak Orchard, and             the maltreatment of the Prophet's daughter by Hadrat 
Abu Bakr and Umar.
Topping it all, the tales like the battle of Jamal between Hadrat Ali and 
Hadrat Ayesha, the battle of Saffain between Hadrat Ali and Hadrat Muawiya, 
and the battle of Nahrwan between Hadrat Ali and the Khawarij were creations 
of the scheming mind of Zahri. In fact the battles of Jamal, Saffain, 
Nahrwan and Karbala are nothing but fiction. Zahri was not alone in this 
plot; he had full support of his fellow Zoroastrians. Their purpose? That 
Muslims divide in sects, tangle themselves in disputation and thus drift 
away from the Qur’an.
Other culprits in this sordid business were Jews banished from the Arabian 
Peninsula who assumed Muslim names and settled in centers of Islamic 
civilization to benefit from the prosperous Muslim state.
Yet a third force active in this was the Byzantine or Eastern part of Roman 
Empire which had been conquered by Muslims during the reign of Hadrat Umar. 
Syria, Egypt, Baitul Muqaddis, Alexandria etc. had fallen to Muslims. The 
Roman Empire were also bent upon avenging their defeat from Muslims.
The Enemy Camp
That is how a campof Zoroastrian, Jewish and Nazarene brains combined 
against Muslims. "Misery seeks company" is the famous saying. The three

scheming, defeated elements held a series of secret conferences in Koofa, 
Syria, Yemen and Constantinople (Lisanul Meezan).
It is to be remembered that Muslims had not invaded the Persian and Roman 
empires for occupation of land. In both these super powers of the time, a 
few powerful persons and capitalists were holding people in bondage. The 
accounts of the tyranny and the public's cries for help were reaching the 
capital of the new superpower in Madinah. We are now left with only a few 
references to the Prophet's warnings to the Roman Emperor that if he did not 
bring order and equity to his empire, he will face the hardships that his 
people were facing. Abu Bakr and Umar only confirmed that warning.
This point is being made here for the reason that the Quran prescribes Jihad 
or warfare under the following circumstances:
             When adversaries physically attack Islam or Muslims.            
                 When the enemy turn you out of your homes; and
                        When innocent people are subjected to oppression.
At heart people of the Parsi and Christian lands were glad over the rise of 
Islam because it was the first time that they had witnessed the beauty of 
the human rights. However, the courtiers and the elite of the old regime 
grieved for the good old days. The Jews had not forgotten the hurt of their 
banishment. In their private counsels these defeated elements had reached a 
conclusion that it was not possible to contend with Muslims on the 
battlefield. So they argued that Muslims should be cut apart from the Quran 
and made to fight amongst themselves.
That brings us to the first scheming mind of our history:
· He was the Zoroastrian Hormuzan who had been a military commander of the 
last Persian ruler Yazdgard as well as governor of his eastern provinces. 
His was the brain behind the plot for assasisinating Hadrat Umar Farooq.  
Readers, our history leaves us only a brief remark in the passing for this 
tragedy, that a non-Muslim Persian slave Abululu attacked Hadrat Umar during 
Fajr prayers because of some personal grudge! (Tarikh Tabri)
·  "Feroz killed the 'second' (Hadrat Umar) because the latter used to 
maltreat him.”(Malhoof in Taoos)
· The third version is that Abululu Feroz used to workthe house of Hadrat 
Mugheera. He had skills as an ironmonger and joiner. One day he brought a 
complaint before Hadrat Umar that Hadrat Mugheera was not paying him enough 
ages. Hadrat Umar looked into his complaint and decided that his 
remuneration was adequate. Abulululled Hadrat Umar on this trivial grouse!
The reality was different. This was not the murder of Umar son of Khattab. 
It was the assassination of Farooq the Great! It was a monstrous conspiracy.
Another character was Abdullah Bin Saba (also called Alsaudah). He was a Jew 
with a vowed aim of breaking up the central core of the Muslim power. In the 
time of Hadrat Uthman he rose to political eminence in Iraq in the guise of 
a Muslim. He fashioned Shia tenets such as that every apostle has an 
executor and Hadrat Ali was the inheritor of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), 
that the Caliphate was Hadrat Ali's by right and those others occupying the 
caliphate were usurpers and tyrants. With the collusion of Jews, Nazarenes 
and the Magians, Abdullah Bin Saba, whose real name was Rayan Bin Saba, 
succeeded in his evil design.
· Another character was Jafeena of Hirah. He had been the incharged of the 
security of the royal household in the Roman court. Then he outwardly 
converted to Islam. His job was to hire assassins and engineer attacks on 
the center of the Caliphate.
· Shahrbano daughter of Yazdgard. A princess of Iran, she was captured and 
was brought to Madinah in 20 A.H. Hadrat Hussain married her after her 
consent in 25 A.H. (Asoolal Kafi).
Another narrative is that the real name of this attractive princess of 
Yazdgard was Jehan Shah. Hadrat Umar Farooq proposed two fine names for her, 
Salameh and Shahrbano. (Kitabashafi).
Our study shows that the original name of this dame was Shahrzadi and she 
was the daughter of Shahryar and the sister of Yazdgard.
It is enough to surmise here that this union came about with blessings and 
good judgement of great Muslims. They were hoping that this marriage would 
create goodwill and would help Arabs and the Ajemites draw closer. However, 
the wily remnants of the Persian monarchy took it as an insult instead. The 
pyre of hate kept on burning in their hearts until they killed Imam Hussain.
A Startling Admission
This was a brief portrayal of some dark characters of our history. Now let 
us have a look at what a renowned 20th century historian of Iran writes in 
his book in the Persian language with the title "Tajalliat- e-Rooh-e-Iran 
dar Adwar-e-Tarikhi.” (Splendor of the Spirit of Iran in Eras of History):
"From the day (after 20 A.H.) that Saad Abi Waqas conquered Iran on behalf 
of the Second Caliph (Hadrat Umar), Iranians nurtured a passion for revenge 
in their minds. They could never forget that a handful of Arab squatters had 
dealt their mighty empire a shattering defeat. Our forefathers followed the 
only course that was open to them. Firstly they incited the Abbassids of 
Banu Hashim for devastating the Banu Umaiyya dynasty. Then they invited 
Hulagu Khan and did away with the Arabian Abbassid Empire too. In this way 
our forefathers avenged their defeat at the hands of Arabs.”
This was the revenge they took from Muslims. We have mentioned above the 
principal characters of the horrible drama staged by them. For revenge from 
Islam itself, these characters replaced the pristine Islam of the exalted 
Muhammad of Arabia with an Ajamite Islam. Its foundations were laid during 
the reign of Khalifa Haroonur Rashid and it is still straddling the Islamic 
world, i.e. from 170 A.H. till today,ref. Hussain Kazimzadeh.
Readers, this is the same Islam, which, like Hussain Kazim Zadeh, Allama 
Iqbal called Ajamite Islam. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan called this the Invented 
Islam.  I call it the NUMBER TWO ISLAM Islam like a number two,  spurious 
Another Secret Revealed
A book (a single handwritten document) by Abdul Jabbar Qaramati dating  
about 280 A.H. (about the times of Abbassid Caliph Motazid), is stored in an 
Istanbul museum. Its title is Kitab-e-Dalail-e-Nabawwut, Syedna Muhammd…
This book in the Istanbool museum tells us that even two hundred and fifty 
years after the death of our Prophet the Islamic world was united like one 
body. No doubt, Jews, Nazarenes and the Zoroastrians were sowing the seeds 
of dissension in the Muslim ranks. Their chief weapon was the same as tried 
by the Jew Abdullah Bin Saba and the Parsi Abu Muslim Khorasani i.e. 
renewing distinctions of being Arab and Ajamite non-Arab), distinctions of 
race, color and ancestry, which had been demolished by the Quran. They 
propagated the belief that the Caliphate should have been retained amongst 
the descendents of Hadrat Ali, from. On one hand the conspirators were 
supporting the caliphate of Hadrat Ali and on the other they were 
assassinating successive Imams, so that people won’t unite under Hadrat 
Ali‘s descendents either. These assassinations were on the pattern of the 
assassination of Hadrat Ali by Jamshed Khurasani in a Koofa Masjid. It may 
be noted that Jamshed Khorasani was a Parsi but our history books name him 
as Abdul Rahman Ibn Muljim Khariji.
Abdul Jabbar Qaramati writes in this book that at the time of his martyrdom 
Hadrat Ali was Governor of Iraq appointed by Hadrat Usman, in the same way 
that he was in Koofa as Governor appointed by Hadrat Umar. Before 
assassinating Hadrat Ali, Abdullah Bin Saba had already killed Hadrat Usman 
in a night raid on the Governmenment house. Mention of this hand written 
book by Abdul Jabbar Qaramati has also been made by Dr. Hameeduddin, a 
renowned historian of the sub-continent, in his book titled History of Islam 
(Madinah Publications) on Page 486. (Please note that in this book there is 
no mention of an insurrection of thousands of rebels into Madinah, nor of a 
seige of the Caliph's house.) Hadrat Uthman was martyred in 35 A.H. Until 
his martyrdom in 40 A.H. Hadrat Ali continued as Governor of Iraq as well as 
the new caliph, Chief of the Believers.
So out of the question are the battle of Jamal between Hadrat Ali and 
Hadrata Ayesha, or the battle of Saffain between Hadrat Ali and Hadrat 
Muawiya, and lastly the battle of Nahrwan between Hadrat Ali and the 
Khawarij having taken place. All these tales are fantasies of mischievous 
Now let us pay attention to what is stated by Hujjatallah Abdul Qadir Ali 
Al-Moosvi in his book Meezanul Faris and by Hur bin Abdul Rahman, Governor 
of Andulus, in his diary, "Tazkirah Hur Bin Abdul Rahman". But before we
that, let us find out the answer to the question, "What is the connection 
between our narrative about events concerning Imam Mahdi, and the reality or 
otherwise of Karbala?
Chapter 10
Imam Mahdi and the Authenticity of Karbala
Readers may have already understood, yet I wish to remind that the first 
chapter of this book was on "Imam Mehdi". This was followed by the history

of “Karbala” as told by our historians. The topic of “Imam Mahdi” and the 
story of “Karbala” are interrelated, since the same common authors rendered 
all these insults to human intelligence. Same people who wrote the Mahdi 
fiction, created the fiction of Karbala.
Having come thus far with me, if you still believe that:
               Imams are born from the thighs of their mothers,
               A bird used to pick up Imam Mahdi in its beak, carry it away and then bring 
it back every forty days, or
               Anyone who sneezes cannot die within three days,
               The sun and the moon will retire when Mahdi son of Hassan Askari appears,
               Twenty million infantry and six hundred thousand cavalry were employed to 
fight supporters of Imam Hussein numbering 72,
               His severed head went on reciting the Quran while being paraded in the 
               The Imam had killed 1950 foes with his sword in Karbala, or
               Beasts in jungles and fish in the oceans cried over the martyrdom of 
Hussain and it rained blood for three days,
Then, I am afraid, my labor has been of no avail to you.
Poet Ghalib put it very handsomely saying:
Chastisement has its (proportioned) limits,
Only a sinner am I, no heathen!
This verse applies to our historians as well as to the gang of conspirators. 
Did they stop to contemplate who would believe their non-sense! But there 
seems to be no dirth of the gullible.
Chapter 11
An Eye Opener
Open your eyes; look at the earth, the skies, and the environs,
See the sun rise from the East! (Iqbal)
Generally speaking, myths fashioned by religion are so insulting to human 
intelligence that one cannot visualize their full impact unless one examines 
them closely. On the other hand, the truth has the power of penetrating the 
hearts and the minds but and remove doubts and falsehood. At this stage I 
suggest my book, The Criminals of Islam that demonstrates how our historians 
have reduced Islam to a collection of fables and myths.
Memoirs of Hur Bin Abdur Rahman
It was mentioned earlier in this book that when Abu Muslim Khorasani 
demolished the Arab caliphate of Banu Umayya, only one member of the royal 
household managed to escape. This was a prince named Abdur Rahman. He was 
able to reach Andulusia, Spain and established the rule of Banu Umayya 
there. This was in 132 A.H. or 745 A.D.
Please note a general principle.103 years of the lunar calendar approximate 
to 100 years of the solar calendar.
Before Abdur Rahman could reach there, Musa bin Nusair and Tariq Bin Ziad 
had already conquered Spain in 92 A.H. or 711 A.D. during the reign of 
Khalifa Waleed Bin Abdul Malik. Then, for a short period of two years, i.e. 
99 to 101 A.H. Umar Bin Abdul Aziz was the caliph of the Islamic State. This 
was the highly regarded personage who had rekindled the memories of the 
Khilafat-I-Rashida (reign of the rightly guided caliphs) in peoples' minds. 
This gifted Khalifa appointed a capable person, Hur Bin Abdur Rahman, as 
Governor, to administer Spain. Like Muhammad Bin Qasim, Hur proved to be a 
great administrator in spite of his young years.
He won over the hearts of the people of Spain through his impeccable 
character and his competence as an administrator. It was under his 
leadership that Muslim armies crossed Spanish borders over to the southern 
France and conquered it. (History of Islam, by Dr. Hameeduddin, Madinah 
Publishing Company, Karachi, Page 299)  Hur Bin Abdur Rahman used to 
maintain a diary of events in Arabic. About two hundred years later, in 
about year 920 AD a Spanish officer named Simone Ashbillia found this diary. 
He translated this diary, what was left of it, into Spanish. In 1910, Dennis 
Montgomery, a British person read this Diary and judging by the torn and 
mutilated pages, expressed the opinion that the complete diary must have 
been spread over 300 pages. This diary covered some period around100 A.H.
To a surprising degree, the contents of this diary support the research by 
an Iranian historian Hussain Kazimzadeh and by Hujjatullah Abdul Qadir Ali 
Moosvi. These sources are also very near to the contents of the writings of 
Abdul Jabbar Qaramati in Istanbul archives.
Here are some excerpts from Tazkirah Hurr bin Abdur Rahman:
Muzakkarah Hurr Bin Abdur Rahman
(Died 734 A.D.)
The Diary of Huur bin Abdur Rahman
Translated from Spanish by Dennis Montgomery in 1910 A.D. from the 
historical archives
at Barcelona, Spain.
Translated into Spanish from the original Arabic by Simon Ashbillia in 920 
In Gordova, Spain
13 Safar, Al-Hijra 100
They call me Abu Nafe, Amir Hurr bin Abdur Rahman. I call myself Ibn Abduh. 
Tonight won’t sleep. Have to meet with my deputies. No planning means no 
effective operation. No operation means no achievement. Okay Ibn Abduh! Will 
see you tomorrow.
No Date
    I am requesting Amir-ul Momineen (Umar bin Abdul Aziz) to let us 
establish four army garrisons in Andalusia (Spain) just as Sayyedina Umar 
Farooq had established two new garrisons in Koofah and Basra.We are here to 
stay because people in this country love us. They feel liberated. There is 
total peace in our Emirah (Rule). Jews, Christians, Muslims, all live 
without fear. There is no unrest of any kind, religious or otherwise.
  26 Safar A.H. 100
  I am very grateful for the confidence Amir-ul-Momineen …and 
Amir-ul-Momineen Umar bin Abdul Aziz have placed in me. I am fully aware of 
the fact that we will have to…and turn good into better every day.
No Date
Just as the plots of the Maggians (Zoroastrians) had created trouble in Iraq 
during the first few decades of Islam, similarly we face frequent 
conspiracies that erupt now and then. The reason is obvious. The local rich, 
elite and the powerful leaders of the past hate social equity.
  17 Rajab, Al-hijrah 100
    Although the situation in Spain is very much in control and improving 
every day, still I feel that the Khilafah in Damascus should appoint a more 
able governor in this land. I will feel honored to work under the command of 
such a governor as an ordinary soldier. I have expressed this desire to the 
    No Date
    I understand that it is impossible to find people of the caliber of Ali, 
Hasan and Hussain (R.A.). They, as Emirs (governors) have truly made Iraq a 
paradise on earth. Ali and Hussain (R.A.) sacrificed their lives in their 
noble offices as emirs. The Maggians (Jamsed Khurqsani and Jabaan bin 
Harmuzan had thought that by assassinating these two honorables, Iraq 
would…to the farrissees (the Persians). But the sacred blood of Emir Ali 
(R.A) and Emir Hussain was not shed in vain. Ambassadors from the center 
(Khilafah) and elsewhere report that in Alhijrah 100 Koofa, Basra, and…are 
even more prosperous than Syria, Palestine and Egypt.
   No Date (some day in Al-hijra 101)
    Alas! Amir-ul-Momineen, Umar bin Abdul Aziz passed on. May Allah bless 
him! Truly a man of Iman (faith), character, will, and foresight.
A big If in History!
In 116 A.H. (732 A.D.) one of the most important events in history occurred. 
Armies of Banu Umayya advanced from Spain to consolidate their victory over 
France. A battle took place at Tours.
Abdur Rahman Ghafiqi, commanding Muslim forces fought with courage and 
ability but he was accidentally killed. Had Muslims won that battle, Europe 
and America of today would have been Muslim continents[ And real Muslims, 
not the followers of the Number Two Islam.] Although there could be several 
reasons for the defeat, it appears that the cantonments suggested by Hur Bin 
Abdur Rahman had not yet been established. Commander Ghafiqi’s inability to 
obtain reinforcements was one of the causes of his defeat. It has not been 
ascertained whether there was any link-military or other-between Abdur 
Rahman Ghafiqi and Hur Bin Abdur Rahman.
                          IMAM HUSSAIN, GOVERNOR OF IRAQ
Hadrat Hussain as Governor of Iraq?  Why isn’t this fact widly known? This 
question must be rolling in the reader’s mind. The answer-it did not, 
because the original records were whisked away in the era of the Abbassid 
dynasty. We would tickle the readers' memories and remind that the last 
Abbassid caliph was a weakling as an individual and inept as a ruler. He had 
delegated his powers as a ruler to his Prime Minister Nasr Nausheer Bin 
Alqami (who had assumed a Muslim name Mueduddin Ibn-i-Alqami), also a 
Maggian from Persia.
Similarly, Naseeruddin -e- Toosi, though known as a Shia, was also a Persian 
(Yaqoot Muhammadi, Ajaib-e-Tareekh). He was the Prime Minister of Hulagu 
Khan in Mongolia, We have mentioned that the Maggian conspiracies revolved 
round the objectives of 1.Weakening the nucleus of the Muslim Empire and, 2. 
Keeping Muslims away from the Quran. We have already seen the "achievement"

of Khalifa Muqtadar Billah. How was the history distorted on a massive 
scale? How did the Persians create dissension between Muslims? Please go on 
tothe next chapter.
Chapter 12
Where did the Archives of Khilafat-e-Rashida
and the Governorship of Hadrat Hussain  disappear?
Alqami, the prime minister of the last Abbasid caliph, and Toosi, the prime 
minister of Hulagu Khan were Zoroastrians in the guise of Muslims. Their 
collaboration paved the way for the Mongol invasion of the Muslim Empire.  
Hulagu Khan then raided Baghdad like a tornado (1258 A.D.)
In short, the Abbassid caliphate came to an end. You may have heard that so 
many books were removed from Baghdad libraries and thrown in the river 
Tigris that its water turned black. It is reported that people could cross 
the river over the bridge the books had built on the shallow river.
Hulago Khan, his courtiers and his Army were pagans. Making conquests had 
been their pastime since Changez Khan's times. They invaded empires, 
nations, countries and cities, and ruined them. They had no empathy or 
enmity for knowledge and literature. Then why did they throw books in the 
river?  The design behind this scheme was to fill these libraries with books 
representing the Ajami i.e. Number 2 Islam. (Ref. Meezanul Faris) On 
prompting from Alqami and Toosi, the Mongol armies took the extreme step of 
removing all books that they could lay their hands on, from homes, from 
scholars and from educational institutions. For reference please look up 
"Tasweer ka Dusra Rukh" (Other side of the Picture) by Allama Mohyuddin

Tamanna Imadi.
We find references in our books to thousands of old books that no longer 
exist. What happened to them? Thanks to Muqatdar Billah and Mustaasam Billah 
as well as Naseeruddin Toosi and Nasr Nausheer Alqami, the books that were 
saved were the ones like Ummul Tawareekh, Tareekhul-umam walmalook, and the 
30 volume Tafseer Tabari, all by  Ibn Jareer Rustam Tabri. (Ref. Muajjamul 
Books by great scholars and cultivated authors like Abu Muslim Isphahani and 
Aboo Qasim Balkhi were eliminated so completely that today their names can 
only be traced as minor references in books of other authors.
A Basketful of Dust
In times of Hadrat Umar, Muslims had conquered one of the super powers of 
the day, i.e. Persia completely. They also conquered the eastern half of the 
other super power (Byzantine). The Roman Empire still survived in the west. 
But, Persia was fully conquered. One may recall the time in 631 A.D. when 
Khusro Parvez, the king of Persia tore up the letter that the exalted 
Prophet sent him.  The holy prophet had said that the Iranian Empire would 
likewise be torn to bits.
Here is another example of the insolent behavior of Khusrau Parvez. He sent 
one of his governors named Bazan to the Prophet's court with the message, "

O Mohammad, even though you are but a slave unto me, you are tendering me 
advice! Offer yourself for arrest, otherwise I shall come in person and deal 
with you!  Smiling, the Prophet said to Bazan, "Go back and find out about 
your king. His son Shervia murdered him last night!
Now,Yazdgard, the fifth successor to Khusrau Parvez. This was the king to 
whose court Hadrat Saad Bin Bani Waqas sent emissaries inviting him to 
Islam. They conveyed a message from the Caliphate at Madinah warning him to 
cease oppressing his people otherwise the trouble was coming close to him 
and his kingdom. Before giving an answer to the emissary, Yazdgard commanded 
one of his bodyguards to bring a basketful of dust. This done, the King said 
to the emissary, "Go and give this to your Commander Saad Bin Abi Waqas.”
While accepting the gift, Hadrat Saad exclaimed, " Greetings, O soldiers of

Islam! Today the king of Persia has surrendered his soil to us!"
Demise of the Sassanid Dynasty
The series of combats between the Persians and the Muslims brought Qadisia 
(14 A.H.) and Persia’s capital city Madain(16 A.H.) under the control of 
Saad Bin Abi Waqas. The last Sassanid emprror, Yazdgard ran for his life 
wandering from place to place. He ended up hiding in a water- mill, where, 
taking him for a bandit, a peasant killed him with his hatchet. Fire-temples 
became cold and as predicted by the Prophet, the bangles of Cisra were taken 
to Madinah and were worn by Saraqa Bin Malik Jaasham. Saraqa was the person 
who, tempted by a prize of one hundred camels, had tried to apprehend the 
Prophet and Abubakr Siddiq at the time of Hijrah. In a state of destitution, 
fourteen or fifteen years before, the Prophet had said to Saraqa that he was 
seeing Kaiser's bangles adorning Saraqa's arms.
Bizarre death of the last monarch of the Sassanid dynasty spread a pall of 
gloom all over Persia. They did not revere their monarchy all that much but:
Dominance faces few barriers,
Where the subservient are set in the decorum of slavery.
The Parsi Princesses
To make matters worse from the Persian standpoint, three daughters of the 
last monarch were captured in the course of the fighting and were brought to 
Madinah. Princess Jehan Shah or Shahr Bano was one of them. (According to 
our research her name was Shahrzadeh and she was the daughter of Shahryar 
and a sister of Yazdgard.). When the princess royal got wedded to Imam 
Hussain, it was a double jeopardy for Iranian chauvinists. This was 25 A.H. 
Their urge for revenge became even more intense.
Jewels-Persian Design
           Jewels: Like the famous nine jewels of the court of Akbar the 
Moghal                 king, Sassanid kings used to have twenty jewels. 
Fifteen of them survived the battles of Qadisia and Madain. All took refuge 
with the Khaqan, the Chinese king in Samarqand. They charted their future 
action on these lines:
Thousands of populace of the defeated Persian Empire went settled in 
important cities of the Islamic world, like Madinah, Makkah, Damascus, 
Baghdad, Sanaa etc. To local rulers they made a pretense of embracing Islam. 
  (Mizanul Faris, Hujjatullah Moosvi)
Their mission was espionage in the Islamic world. They were reporting to 
those 'fifteen jewels', called Asawarah (those wearing gold bangles, a 
distinctive mark of the Persian courtiers).
These infiltrators were required to have mastery over the Arabic language.
They had to have full knowledge of the Roman and Persian history as well as 
manners of Arab society. Most of the individuals picked for espionage had 
skills of one kind or the other like writing, accounting, smithy and 
On the strength of their skills, these Persian converts (actually 
infiltrators), were to advance in their respective fields in the cities of 
their habitation such as Makkah, Madinah, Egypt, Syria, Koofa and Basra. 
They had to procure jobs and penetrate into sensitive spheres of the 
government. They did succeed in these designs.
The 'Jewels' conducted their campaign while in refuge with the Chinese 
monarch efficiently. They had two missions, one to undermine the pivot of 
the Islamic rule, in other words killing the caliphs one after the other, 
and secondly, to alienate Muslims from the Quran. Bazer of Samarqand, a 
former special advisor to Khusro Parvez headed the committee of the 
Asawirah; the old Marzaban, a former advisor was his deputy. Both were 
experienced plotters and experts in politics.
Assassinations of the Caliphs of Islam
Hadrat Umar Farooq
After Persia’s defeat in the battle of Qadisia, Harmuzan, the governor of 
Tastar , was brought to Madinah as a prisoner. (14 A.H. or 635 A.D.) Tastar 
was the most important province of Iran and hosted its biggest army 
cantonment. He was presented before Hadrat Umar, the then Caliph of Islam 
who addressed him thus, "Harmuzan, we Arabs are the desert-dwellers you 
considered two lowly for even fighting with. We used to get licked by small 
columns of your troops. Now you see your king’s throne and crown lying at 
our feet while he is running about places to save his life. How did that 
happen?"  Harmuzan replied, "Sir, then it used to be war between Persians

and Arabs, now you have your God with you. Because of his war crimes, 
Harmuzan deserved to die. However, he saved his life through an ingenious 
trick. In the course of conversation, he asked for water to drink. He was 
presented water in a silver goblet, which formed part of the war booty. 
Harmuzan requested Hadrat Umar for a reprieve for his life until he could 
finish his drink of water. Hadrat Umar granted his request.
Like a Fairy Tale
It sounds like a fairy tale but we are told that as soon as he got his stay 
of execution, Harmuzan spilled the water on the ground. He would not have a 
drink and therefore the royal reprieve would not lapse. Anas Bin Malik and 
Ahnaf Bin Qais who were at the scene, confirmed, "Chief of the Faithful, 
have you indeed reprieved Harmuzan.” Upon this, Hadrat Umar again addressed 
Harmuzan and said, "Harmuzan, I am a hostage to the generosity of a 
Harmuzan was freed. Apparently, he embraced Islam and took up residence in 
Now we shall see that assassination of Hadrat Umar was not an individual act 
of Feroze Abululu but part of a conspiracy by the 15 Jewels:
Feroze Abululu has variously been described in history as a Christian or a 
Maggian. Our research proves that he was a Zoroastrian. Either way, by 
itself, that is not an important factor. Whatever Feroze was, he was only a 
tool; the important question is, who was wielding that tool. The most 
important pawn of the 'Jewels" of the Cisra, in Madinah was no other than 
Harmuzan. In Madinah, his constant companion was Jafeenaul Khalil. He was a 
hard-boiled Christian and an expert scholar of the Bible, and of Hebrew and 
Arabic. He was a political pawn of the Roman king and had served as an 
official in Damascus, Palestine and Heerah. Their third companion was a Jew 
named Saba Bin Shamoon . He was the person whose son Abdullah Bin Saba would 
soon emerge as a notorious character of history. All three were living in 
Madinah as Muslims. All three were very intelligent, shrewd and experienced 
The Cardinal of Rome, Thomas Melon, wrote in the 11th Century that at the 
zenith of the Islamic Empire, Jewish settlers in the Middle East had no 
center of power as such, but were very powerful covertly. The secret of 
their power was the speed of their communication system. The Jews, Nazarenes 
and Maggians that were practicing the art of political puppetry in the 
corridors of the Islamic government. They profited a great deal from this 
communication system. Pigeons trained by them would fly on a daily basis 
between Madinah, and Koofa  and Samarqand. These courier activities of the 
pigeons produced gruesome outcomes. Some highlights:
Through an odd chance, Feroze Abululu came across Hadrat Umar. He said to 
Feroze, "I hear that you can make a windmill". Feroze retorted, "O
Chief of
the Believers, I shall make a mill in Madinah that will run forever.”
Meanwhile, Heraclius, the Byzantine king, fleeing from Islamic forces, 
joined the refugee courtiers of Persia, all in Samarqand. Pigeons were busy 
flying between Madinah and Samarqand.
There was a person by the name of Kaab Ahbar. Till this day it is not 
certain whether he had or had not embraced Islam. He was a great scholar of 
the Torah.  When Hadrat Umar arrived in Baitul Maqdas [Jerusalem] on its 
conquest in (16 A.H., 635 A.D.) the Cardinal there invited him to say his 
prayers in the church. The former declined the offer saying "I am 
apprehensive lest Muslims convert churches into mosques in later times.” So 
he conducted his prayers in open ground near the ruins of the Temple of 
Solomon. He continued to do so till he stayed in Baitul Maqdas. Kaab Ahbar’s 
took his shoes off while approaching the Jacob’s 'Rock'. It was he who had 
suggested to Hadrat Umar that he conduct his prayers at that spot. At this 
Hadrat Umar admonished him, "You still have traits of Judaism in you.” Abdul

Malik Bin Marvan had constructed a dome over the Rock of Jacob around 60A.H. 
while constructing the Masjid-e-Aqsa. It is now known as Dome of the Rock.
Once Hadrat Abuzar Ghaffari and Hadrat Umar were discussing the topic of 
Zakat. Kaab Ahbar said something. Abuzar rebuked him, "O Hebrew, Would you 
teach us Islam!”
Says Abdur Rahman Bin Abu Bakr, "I saw Harmuzan the Maggian, Jafeena the 
Christian and Feroze Abululu talking in whispers, the day before Hadrat Umar 
was assassinated. They had with them the same double edged dagger that was 
later found near dead body of Abululu.”
Three days before the assassination, Kaab Ahbar told the Amirul Muminin,Umar 
R.A. that he would die within three days. Abbas Mahmud Alakkad, an Egyptian 
Historian has written that Kaab Ahbar was a staunch Jew and he was the prime 
accomplice with Harmuzan and Jafeenatil Khaleel in the conspiracy for 
The night before Hadrat Umar Farooq’s assassination, Kaab Bin Ahbar said to 
Hadrat Umar, "the time has run out for you.”
A researcher of the 20th century from Egypt, Dr. Taha Hussain, writes in his 
book, (Alfitnatil Kubra) "At the time of this catastrophy, the Islamic 
Empire was so securely established and the mental grooming of people of the 
Islamic Empire was so advanced that there was complete peace and tranquility 
all around. Hordes of people were joining the Faith of God. No one could 
imagine the possibility of such a conspiracy.
Had there been dissension in Muslim ranks or had there been bloodletting 
during the first fifty to a hundred years of the Islamic state, Islam could 
not have overrun two thirds of the world. Those people belonged to the 
hallowed period of Islam and the Quran bears witness to their being the 
unwavering Believers in Truth. They had been infused with affection for each 
other. They were pleased with Allah and He was pleased with them. (Ref. 
Abdul Qadir Ali Moosvi). In this era of tranquility there appeared to be no 
prospect of any underground mischief.
The Incident
With the call for prayer at dawn on 26th of Zilhajj of the year 23 A.H., 
companions of the Apostle assembled in the Masjid-e-Nabavi. Hadrat Umar 
arrived for leading the prayers. No sooner had he called out the Takbeer 
than did a man suddenly approach him from the front and inflicted several 
wounds with his dagger upon him. People in the congregation apprehended and 
seized Feroze Abululu; however the assailant killed himself with his own 
dagger. The strongest evidence relating to the crime was lost forever.  
Jafeena and Harmuzan were killed in the ensuing rage. The Jew Saba Bin 
Shamoon fled and joined his cohorts in Samarqand. Kaab Ahbar was not 
detained because he was considered a Muslim; the irony is that this 
character continued insisting that he would not embrace Islam until he was 
fully convinced.
With the assassination of Hadrat Umar, the Iranian schemes started to 
alienate Muslims from their God i.e.distancing Muslims from the Quran and 
its precepts was set in motion. Umar Farooq the Great was the chief obstacle 
in their way. When the news of his assassination reached Samarqand, the 
courtiers of Iran lit up the sky with fireworks for joy.
Hujjatullah Abdul Qadir Ali al-Moosvi writes in Meezanul Faris that the 
consultative machinery of the Caliphate was so competent that without 
wasting a minute after the martyrdom, Hadrat Usman was selected as the new 
Caliph through mutual consultation of the companions of the holy Apostle.
The Assassination of Hadrat Uthman
Valuing my readers' time I shall try to keep the narration brief.
I have already described the Maggian, Jewish, and Nazarene conspiracies in 
the era of Hadrat Umar and their modus operandi. So henceforth, repitition 
will not be necessary..
Muzakkirah Hur Bin Abdul Rahman,
Meezanul Faris,
Fitnatul Kubra by Taha Hussain,
Ajaibit Tareekh by Yaqoot Hamdi,
Kitab Dalail-e-Nabawwut Syedna Muhammad by Abdul Jabbar Qaramati,
Tasweer ka Doosra Rukh and Intizar-e-Mahdi-o-Maseeh both by Muhaddithul Asr 
Allama Tamanna Imadi.
Mazhabi Dastanain aur Unki Haqeeqat, a great book by Allama Habibur Rahman 
Shahkar-e-Risalat by Allama Ghulam Ahmad Parvez
Tarikh-I-Islam by Dr. Abdul Hameed, Professor of Harvard University,
and many other books contain history of the first century of Islam found 
etched in gold letters. But it is scattered about like pieces of a jig-saw 
puzzle. Putting these pieces together, the picture that emerges is both 
pleasing and resplendent with hallowed blood:
As mentioned above, after the conquest of Persia, thousands of its people, 
in the guise of Muslims, settled outside, particularly in Iraq because of 
Iraq's proximity to Persia. They were more likely to be discovered and 
apprehended in the capital of the Caliphate so there were a lesser number of 
such Persians in Hejaz. Hadrat Umar was not unaware of this situation. So in 
18 A.H. he took counsel and appointed Hadrat Ali as the governor of Iraq for 
surveillance as well as education of these elements. Assertions by 
historians like Tabari and Kaleeni notwithstanding; it was all peace and 
tranquility in the era of Hadrat Uthman. The blessed tide of Islam was 
carrying all before it, be it lands, be it peoples and hearts. Hadrat Uthman 
had a vigilant eye over the capital Madinah and Hadrat Ali over the province 
of Iraq. Hadrat Muawiya in Syria and Hadrat Umro Bin Alaas in Egypt proved 
themselves excellent governors. Theirs and other companions' (of the 
Apostle) teamwork, and exemplary character added to the passion for Jihad 
carrying Islam day by day from one pinnacle of glory to the other. All 
around was manifest "Thy reference has been hallowed.” Great statesmen of of

Islam knew fully that establishment of a system based on the Quran was the 
first priority of the State. The exalted Prophet had trained these eminent 
people himself and they were full of compassion for each other and for the 
They were so engrossed in spreading the message of Islam to all corners of 
the world that they cared little for security of their own lives.  
Immortality of the Quran gave them extreme confidence. One important thing 
to note is that in those times people were invited to Islam, not expelled 
(like the present). There were no edicts of excommunication (Takfeer) 
against people. So, in that Islamic state anyone who professed Islam was 
accepted as a Muslim. No one dissected the hearts to see if some one was a 
hypocrite, a Maggian, a Jew or a Christian at heart. Those companions of the 
exalted Prophet, held in awe all over the world, did not post sentinels in 
their doorways.
Taking advantage of this situation, an old Hebrew named Saba Bin Shamoon, 
who had assumed an Islamic name of Saba Assalameh, as well as his son 
Abdullah Bin Saba, entered the capital Madinah in the dark of  the last 
hours of the night, and killed Hadrat Uthman with their swords while he was 
reciting the Quran. Both the assassins disappeared during the night without 
a trace. (35 A.H.)
Assassination of Hadrat Ali
When Hadrat Usman was martyred, Hadrat Ali was the governor of Iraq. The 
deputies to Hadrat Uthman hastened to implement the Quranic injunction of 
mutual consultation. A meeting was held in Masjid Nabavi of the companions 
from Madinah and elsewhere. Two resolutions were passed. One, that the 
future Caliph would be Hadrat Ali and two, that the capital would be moved 
to the place where Hadrat Ali had his seat as the governor of Iraq. In this 
meeting again no measures for personal security of the Caliphs of Islam were 
passed, because the companions did not want, under any circumstances, to 
distance themselves from the people. To them posting guards at the gates was 
a foreign custom.
Anyhow, the ship of the Islamic State sailed fine in those choppy seas of 
intrigue and conspiracy, but on Ramadhan 18, 40 A.H. the designs of the 
Persian courtiers struck again. At dawn, Hadrat Ali was saying his prayers 
in Koofa when the Maggian named Jamshed Khorasani, who had assumed an 
Islamic name, pounced upon him and stabbed him with his sharp, double-edged 
dagger several times. The third day after this attack i.e. on Ramadhan 20, 
the fourth Caliph succumbed to his wounds. In our conventional history 
books, this Jamshed Khorasani is known as Abdur Rahman Ibn-I-Muljim Khariji.
Hadrat Hassan, the Governor
Now that Koofa was the capital, the Counselors met there. Only two names 
came up for election of the Caliph, i.e. Hadrat Hassan and Amir Muawiya, the 
governor of Syria. Hadrat Hassan declined to undertake responsibilities as a 
Caliph. Therefore, Hadrat Muawiya was appointed Caliph with such assets as, 
a history of good administration, political acumen and general popularity. 
Some Syrians started standing guard on him in civil clothing without 
permission of the Caliph. When in Ramadan 40 A.H. someone attacked Hadrat 
Muawiya, a sentinel chopped the head of the assailant there and then. Hadrat 
Muawiya received only minor injuries. Elements inimical to Islam came to 
understand that their designs were unlikely to succeed in Damascus, which 
was now the capital city. So they again turned their attention to Iraq where 
Imam Hassan was the governor appointed by Hadrat Muawiya. Steeped in 
compassion and generosity, Imam Hassan had made his province a paradise on 
Having set Iraq’s administration on an even keel he resigned his office in 
48 A.H. due to ill health and took up residence in Madinah.
This great personage fell victim to the hatred of his own wife. Imam Ghazali 
reports that Imam Hassan had two hundred wives. At some places it is stated 
that he used to marry four new women and divorce four older wives every 
week! Only people with the intent of insulting him can cast such a slur on 
an acclaimed person. There is a report by Haq Ali Haq, a past President of 
Jamai Alazhar that one of his wives Jaada was unfaithful and Imam Hassan 
wanted to divorce her. However, before he could do so, she poisoned him. He 
died of that poison instantly. This happened in Madinah in 49 A.H.
CAUTION:  All criticism of the author is directed to the historians, and not 
at all to the respected personalities of Islam. Hadhraat Ali, Fatima, Hassan 
and Hussein [R.A.] all of whom command our reverence and respect.
Martyrdom of Imam Hussain
The determined caravans keep marching to their destination in spite of the  
challenges that come their way. After the resignationof Imam Hassan, Hadrat 
Muawiya appointed Hadrat Imam Hussain as the governor of Iraq. Caliphate of 
the Righteous continued its majestic progress. For the first time the world 
was witnessing that in an empire as vast as three and a half million square 
miles, there could be found no one willing to receive charity. Nor a dog 
would die of hunger in the remotest areas. These were the exemplary blessed 
times when a young woman loaded with jewelry could travel alone, and had 
absolutely none to fear but God!
Harmuzan, who laid the conspiracy to kill Hadrat Umar, was himself killed in 
23 A.H. His son Jaban Bin Harmuzan had joined his kith and kin in Koofa at a 
young age. This is the same Jaban Bin Hormuzan who had made an unsuccessful 
attempt on the life of Hadrat Hassan in 46 A.H. (Meezanul Faris). In that 
attack, Hadrat Hassan had received a serious injury on his thigh, but had 
Here, it is worth noting that after assassinating Hadrat Uthman, Saba Bin 
Shamoon and Abdullah Bin Saba had vanished without a clue. According to 
Hujjatullah Moosvi they spent the rest of their days in disguise in Yemen. 
Jaban Bin Harmuzan had also succeeded in fleeing after attacking Hadrat Imam 
Hassan while some other people remained suspect.
Hadrat Muawiya died in 60 A.H. Meetings of the Consultative Council for 
selection of the new caliph were going on in Damascus, Koofa and Madinah, 
when Jaban and his accomplices entered the governor’s house in Koofa under 
the cover of a dark night. They murdered the governor Hadrat Imam Hussain 
with a single stroke of the sword severing his head from his body. Due to 
lack of security measures as well as the dark of the night, Jaban and his 
accomplices got away with ease. According to investigations by Allama 
Masoodi, Jaban remained active against Hadrat Abdulla Bin Zubair during the 
few remaining years of his life. Eventually, he was killed while attempting 
on the latter's life in 70 A.H. He had assumed an Islamic name, Balal Bin 
Some Peculiarities
In presenting the reality of Karbala, I have picked up chapters of history 
from numerous resources. In spite of the imperative of being brief, I have 
included authentic references. This research has necessisitated picking up a 
large number of bits and pieces from here and there and then putting them 
together to make the whole picture. You can ask the question (like many of 
our venerable readers have been asking), why did no one write such a book 
before. What can I say? Perhaps the answer is what I have stated in my book 
Criminals of Islam. Very briefly, the reasons could be blind faith, lack of 
deliberation, abject despair about the state of things, fear of life, 
religious edicts etc. Some of the scholars may have attached more importance 
to other topics.
      Our first ever history was written by Tabari. The time? At the 
junction of  the third and the fourth century A.H. What were his sources? He 
did not have so much as a scrap of paper to refer to. Whatever he recorded 
was on the basis of "heard from someone". Heard from whom? Heard from 
someone who heard from someone else and so on… Worse still, Tabari wrote 
what he felt like. He wrote whatever his Maggian understanding suggested to 
him and…he wrote whatever the king ordered him to. To top it all, he 
recorded all that was put into his mind by Harmuzan, Jafeena and Saba Bin 
Shamoon generations. Tabari was capable of making up a good story. He freed 
monarchs from the quandary of do’s and don'ts. Only such history and 
exposition could suit the Abbassid kings that would legalize their kingship, 
open up doors to opulence and indulgence, gave license for amassing wealth, 
and help keep harems full of women. Tabari gave them everything. In return 
they enriched him with gifts, honors and endowments.
Later, by compiling history (13 volumes) and exposition of the Quran (30 
volumes) he was raised to the position of Imam of a very high rank and no 
one could so much as whimper at his elevation.
     Later it was the turn of Muhammad Bin Yaqoob Bin Ishaq Alkaleeni. His 
Maggian heritage was also quite imposing (Ref. Meezanul Faris). Like Tabari, 
he did not have a scrap of written paper to go on. He too wrote down mere 
hearsay and that too as late as the fourth and the fifth century A.H. The 
broad-minded and enlightened readers can visualize what reality can be found 
in writings that are based merely on grapevine talk
     Tabari in particular acquired influence because of the patronage of the 
rulers. His leverage was such that if someone dared dispute with him or 
other Muhaddiseen or dared to be critical, the Royal Qazis would label such 
a person a heretic/Motazalite and would behead him. The writings of such a 
person would be consigned to the fireplace. This is the reason why, by 
passage of time, the writings of Tabari and other Muhaddiseen gained more 
and more authenticity and sanctity. Who were the Motazila (deviationists)? 
Anyone who would bother to think and use his own mind.
    Matters came to such a pass that, whoever dared point a finger at these 
books, was declared a heretic. Under these circumstances, who could speak 
out the truth? How could anyone raise an objection?
     According to Allama Habibur Rahman Kandhalvi, key offices of the 
Abbasis were held by the Maggians. Their women occupied harems of Abbasids. 
Such being the environs, serious deviations were created in the faith. It 
was an absolute commotion as for as truthful reporting was concerned. If 
historians were Maggians, the writers of Hadith and Seera were Jews or 
Maggians too. The first chronicler of the exalted Apostle's battles and his 
biography was a Maggian under the name Muhammad Bin Ishaq Bin Yassar. His 
compilation is not found nowhere but the edited version of Seera 
Ibn-I-Hisham is based on it. His  stratagem, which was similar to others in 
the line, was of narrating some topics complimentary to the Prophet , (to 
establish credibility) followed by derogatory content followed again by 
laudatory phrases so that his writings should remain generally acceptable to 
people. Jews were the source of his stories. That is why Imam Malik had 
called Muhammad Bin Ishaq a liar. Between Muhammad Bin Ishaq and the first 
available derivation from his work by Ibn Hisham, all sources of reports 
were Parsis, such as Ziad al-Bakai, Muslimat al-Abrash and Hameed Razi. Also 
there was Waqidi who was a hard-boiled Maggian and was reputedly the biggest 
liar of his times (Mazhabi Dastanain aur Unki Haqeeqat).
We reproduce a specimen of the pearls strewn on paper by these characters:
     "Whosoever would render two Rakaa of prayer while imagining the beauty

of Princess Shahr Bano in his mind, will have seventy thousand palaces for 
him in the Jannah. Every one of the palaces will have seventy thousand 
chambers, every chamber seventy thousand thrones and every throne will have 
seventy thousand of  HOURI  concubines ready to fall in a hug."
     Another calamity that plagues these books is that there is no clear 
dividing line between the three disciplines, i.e. history, exposition of the 
Quran and the traditions of the exalted Apostle. They are all intertwined in 
a confusing manner. And  there are loaded with contradictions.
     Allama Shibli Nomani, on page 27 of his Seeratun Nabi has given a 
startling quote of Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal, "Three kinds of books are 
absolutely baseless i.e. Mughazi, Malaham and Tafseer.” [Battles, 
Squirmishes and Expositions of the Quran]
    Imam Bukhari had asserted that Companions of the Prophet had turned 
apostate on his death. Tabri wrote, "The Prophet of Allah said that some of

my companions will visit me at the pool. God will remove them from my 
presence. I shall say, 'O my God! these are my companions.’ I shall be told 
that I do not know what bad deeds they had done after me.” Rolling the ball 
forward, Hafiz Ibn Hajr says, "Umro Bin Sabit has said that all of them, 
except five, turned heretic on the Prophet’s death.” And Ayatullah Aluzma 
AlHussaini shot the ball through the goal. Said he, "Those five that 
remained (in the fold of Islam) were 1. Salman Farsi, 2. Miqdad, 3. Abuzar, 
4. Ammar, 5. Hazeefa.”  Not content with this performance, the "survivors"

were further reduced to three. Hadrat Ammar and Hadrat Hazeefa were also 
thrown out of Islam‘s fold. Two goals scored! Is it the end of the road? 
Historians and collectors of Hadith did not include even Hadrat Ali, Hadrat 
Fatima and the Hadraat Hassan and Hussein in the group of ‘survivors‘! End 
of the road? No, not yet. Another goal scored. Said our historians that 
weighed against the faith of Hadrat Salman Farsi, Hadarat Miqdad and Abu Zar 
Ghaffari too fell short and he should be considered a heretic!
     So, in the upshot, on Prophet’s death, only one Muslim was left on the 
face of this earth, Salman Farsi and he too was from Persia!
       Imam Malik of Mowatta fame would not lag behind. In fact he preceded 
the above group. He laid foundations of the story by recording in his book 
titled "Kitabul Jihad”, "Prophet of Allah said concerning martyrs of Uhd

that he would himself testify to Allah about their faith. Hadrat Abu Bakr 
enquired about himself. The Prophet said, 'I do not know what new 
innovations you will hatch when I am gone.' Hadrat Abu Bakr started crying 
and cried and cried. The Prophet did not console him.” (Life Sketches of 
seven Companions, Vol.3, P.19)
      Readers, it is remarkable that, we Muslims consider these the most 
accurate books, their correctness being second only to the Quran, although 
they are outrageously insulting to the human intelligence. Some describe 
Bukhari and Muslim to be the most accurate books while others ascribe this 
distinction to Alkaleeni, Tabari and Toosi. A celebrated mullah like 
“Maulana” Maudoodi, looking at this balderdash in the twentieth century, 
observes, "If we do not believe these fables, what are we left with?”  We 
shall be left with the Book of Allah, of course, but that did not strike his 
small mind! In fact, for Muslims this should be an easy task. What the 
historians and Muhaddiseen have recorded, should be double-checked with the 
Quran. For example, does the Quran  at all say that companions of the 
honored Prophet would turn heretics as soon as he would leave this world!
     For information of our readers, are given below the years when some of 
the historians and the compilers of Hadith died. This will help determine 
who, how and when scattered on paper the pearls we have detailed above. Two 
facts are always worth keeping in mind. Firstly that the Prophet [SAW] died 
in 11 A.H., secondly that none of these authors had, at the time of writing, 
i.e. 250 years after death of our Prophet, even a scrap of paper to use as 
reference All that they quote; He said like this, I heard like that, he 
heard from him who heard from him and so on… or said words to that effect or 
something like that. Names of some of those luminaries are as under:
Author/Compiler                                      Year of  Death           A.H.
Ibn Jareer Tabri                                                                 310*  An exponent of Quran,                  
                               narrator of Traditions, a Jurist
Muhammad Ismail Bukhari                                  256*
Muslim Bin Hajjaj                                               261*
Abu Daood                                                                        275*
Abu Abdullah Bin Majah                                                      273*
Abu Musa Tirmizi                                                279*
Abdur Rahman Nisai                                                           303*
Malik Bin Anas                                                                  179*    Mowatta Imam Malik
Ahmad Bin Hanbal                                         241*    Jurist of Masnad Ahmad
Shafie                                                                             204*     Jurist of Masnad Shafi
Muhammad Bin Yaqoob Bin Ishaq Alkeeni        329*    He wrote Al-Kafi
       Sheikh Saddoq Abu Jafar Muhammad Bin Ali Tabrasi   381*   Wrote Man   
           Yazharal Faqeeh
13. Abu Jafar Muhammad Ibn-i-Hassan Toosi                         460*                                         Wrote 
Tahzeebul Ahkam and Al-istabsar                                                                                                                       .
14. Abu Hanifa                                                       150*     Jurist without a Book
A Question
This is a probably a suitable stage to answer my readers’ questions. For 
example they may be ask, "You have been criticizing historians and compilers

of Hadith right and left, what is the sect you belong to? What are your 
credentials? Are you a Qadiani? A Sunni? A Shia? An Ismaili? A Parvezi? A 
Wahabi? A Deobandi? Or a Brelvi? Are you a Conformist or non-conformist? A 
dissident? A revisionist? What are you?"
I truthfully denounce belonging to any of the groups! I profess Islam, pure 
and simple. I perfectly understand that sectarianism is Shirk i.e. 
polytheism and we shall have to face our Creator in the Hereafter to answer 
for what we speak and what we write. I shall not ask anyone to accept my 
submissions. I have tried to make easy and save time for my respected 
readers  to know what is actually written in our bulky, ancient and 
reputedly authentic and “sacred” books. I suggest that you undertake a brief 
study of these books yourselves and derive your own conclusions.
Many of my most respected and sincere readers say that Dr. Shabbir Ahmed has 
criticized every religion and creed including Christianity, Judaism, 
Qadianism, Bahaism, Hinduism, Islam. In fact he has written in his books 
against Theocracy, Sufism, Mullahism, Shias, Sunnis, Deobandis, and Barelvis 
of Islam. Does he not realize the dangers inherent in this effort?
I have to thank all these esteemed readers from the depths of my heart. My 
answer is that I am aware of all the dangers involved. Yet, is there 
anything worthwhile one can do under fear?
I do not write “against” any sect or creed. I only try to expound  the 
I may also say that I have been challenging the beliefs held by the 
household in which I was born.
Question and Answer Session
Dear Readers,
In the course of putting this book together, some ladies and gentlemen  have 
asked me some very important questions:
Question: Granted you do not belong to any sect but there must be some 
beliefs of others, that may be repugnant to you? Hassan Akhtar, Detroit.
Answer: I affirm, with all my heart that I do not belong to any sect. 
Reverence and love for the Prophet of Allah forms the anchor of my life. It 
is the Quran's verdict that whosoever assigns a sect for himself, loses all 
links with the Prophet (6/160). I cannot court that fate at any price. As 
regards disliking certain beliefs, I think my like or dislike carries no 
weight. Yes, I do dismiss the non-Quranic dogmas wherever they are.
Q. Apart from Shias, your book titled "Karbala, fact or fiction", will
meet the approval of our non-Shia clergy! Hafiz Ghulam Muhammad 
A. In addition to Medicine, I am a student of History, Psychology, 
Philosophy and Theology. After due research and deliberation according to my 
ability, I present the truth with due respect. It is not necessary for Shias 
and non-Shias to agree with my research.
Q. Relevant to the theme of this book I want to ask what is the reality 
behind Panjtan Pak (Five holy ones). Humera Jaafri, Orlando.
A. A lot of Muslims, no matter belonging to what sect, consider the under 
noted exalted personages as Panjtan Pak:
Rasool of Allah, Hadrat Ali, Hadrat Fatima, Hadrat Hassan, Hadrat Hussain.
Who can doubt the sacredness of these personages? Yet, the term Panjtan Pak 
or something to that effect does not appear in the Qur’an nor the name of 
any of them with the exception of the Prophet is included in its text. 
According to Allah’s Book, sanctity and rank depend on individual deeds, not 
on kinship.
Q. Muslims keep making hue and cry about trinity amongst Christians; what 
about their own Pentagon (Panjtan Pak)!. Andrea Maseeh, Gujranwala.
A. Please see the last question and its answer. This is a non-Quranic dogma. 
For Muslims, indeed for the humanity at large, the final authority is the of 
Book of Allah. The world of Christendom too is fast realizing, that 
eventually the whole world will have to resort to the Quran for guidance and 
unity of mankind. There is no 'Pentagon' in the Quran.
Q. "Having gone through the manuscript of this book", Muhammad Yaseen Jafri,

a Khateeb and Muhaddis from Multan says, "Your book will be a great help in

quashing countless exaggerations in our history. But please review the Ayah 
on Tatheer.”
A. I am grateful to the esteemed Mr. Jafri that he went through the 
manuscript and gave valuable advice. In compliance with his wishes I had 
reviewed the Ayah Tatheer (33/33). Ayahs 28 to 34 of Sura Ahzab are all 
addressed to the wives of the Apostle (Mothers of Believers). Ayahs 33, 34 
above contain special commandments for these esteemed ladies. Hadrat Ali was 
not a live-in son-in-law so in these Ayahs there is nothing to suggest them 
pertaining to Hadrat Ali, Hadrat Fatima and Hassan and Hussain [R.A.]. All 
the narratives in this connection have been third and fourth century A.H. 
inventions by people who were bent upon driving a wedge amongst Muslims.
Q. Our most honored Sheikhul-Hadith Mufti Muhammad Irshad Nizami has also 
been gracious enough to critically review the manuscript of Karbala ki 
Haqeeqat. He says, "Your references are accurate. Your effort is likely to 
create two types of reaction. Some people will get offended. On the other 
hand, dispassionate thinkers will find in it the potential to unite the two 
major sects of Islam."  Sheikh Sahib, with lots of prayers for the effort, 
further says, "This type of research should have been done by oldies like 
us. It is only now, when at age 80 I can, as it were, look out through my 
window at the Hereafter, I shall be able to leave this world with the 
satisfaction that someone has, at last done the job that should have been 
done centuries ago." He emphasizes inclusion of the following two points on

his behalf:
      That in Ayah 33:33 members of the household (ahl-aI-bait) include only 
those individuals who had residence in the Rasool's home i.e. his wives and 
their children. In case Hadrat Ali is included because of him being a 
cousin, then why Hadrat Abbas Bin Abdul Muttalib who had even a closer 
kinship being an uncle, should be left out? Every one knows that the kinship 
of an uncle is closer than that of a cousin. Based on this, many caliphs of 
the Abbasid dynasty described their rule as the rule of Ahl-e-Bait.  
Supporters of the first caliph Abul Abbas considered him as the rightful 
     That in Sura Shoora (Ayah 42:23) there is a mention of Muaddata fil 
Qurba i.e. regard for the near ones. "Tell them that I do not ask for 
remuneration from you. If you do not give credence to me, at least have some 
regard for my kinship. I am one of you so why do you torment me?" Here, it 
must be noted that the interpretation by some people of Muaddata fil Qurba 
as asking people to love his kin as a recompense for his being a Prophet is 
wrong on every account. Such a definition is alien to the Quran. According 
to Quran, color and ethnicity cannot form a basis for esteem. Also the kin 
are referred to as zil Qurba or Aqraba, not fil Qurba.
Hadrats Noah, Hood, Lot, Saleh, Shoaib, and all other prophets told their 
people that they were not asking for any recompense for their services. 
Then, how could the last of the Prophets ask for a recompense? The Quran 
weeded out this concept by declaring that only the personal character of an 
individual could be the criterion of honor. Being the father of Hadrat 
Ibrahim could not benefit Azar, nor being the son of Hadrat Noah was of any 
use for his son. Relationship did not avail the wives of Hadrat Noah and 
Hadrat Loot. Similarly, it was amongst the descendants of the Prophet  that 
people like Muhammad Ali Baab were born, who quit Islam and founded the 
Bahai religion.
      Our esteemed Sheikhul Hadith Mufti Irshad Nizami has been guiding me 
with such kindness from afar. May Allah reward him for that!
Q. How could the Rasool leave this world without naming a successor?"  
[Kazim Ali Zaidi]
A.  Surah Shoora establishes the Law of Mutual Consultation forever.
Q. I think Maudoodi Sahib is right in asking what shall we be left with if 
we do not accept the writings of our historians? (Alhaj Muhammad Raghib 
Siddiqui, Lahore.)
A. Muslims are uniquely placed compared to others. They have the Quran 
(which separates true from false). We should accept only those parts of the 
record of our history and traditions that are confirmed by the Quran.
Q. But Quran was not being revealed during Jamal, Saffain and the Karbala 
A. True. Yet how could the historians  three or four hundred years later 
give a better description of the companions’ and the true believers’ 
character than that rendered by the Quran?
Q. From Delhi a highly valued person, Surjeet Singh Lamba has sent some of 
his verse for inclusion in this book.
A. We are grateful to Mr. Lamba. He is well known in literary circles of the 
sub-continent. He cherishes the love for our Rasool and wisdom of Iqbal, as 
valuable assets of his life. In his young age he has touched the feet of 
Allama Iqbal in reverence. He has in his memory verses of Shahnama Islam by 
Hafeez Jalandhari also. Now reflect on the poetry by Mr. Surjeet Lamba: 
[Translation from Urdu]
Who else can be as much a person of faith as Siddique!
Who else can be as just as Farooq!
Who can be as bounteous as Usman!
Who can be as brave as Ali, the lion of Allah!
And if these were his servants, what would be the Sultan like!
Readers, going by his verse, what kind of a Sikh would this personage be 
that sounds more Muslim than a Muslim! His Dehli telephone number, with his 
permission, is 5157191.
Q. The way the Karbala episode has been related in the past, always created 
doubts. Your book has undone the knots in my mind. I pray that your book 
becomes a basis for unity amongst Muslims! (Prof. Abdul Hamid Mansoori, 
Patna (India).
A. Amen!
Q. A little thought would lead us to the view that Islam came to this world 
to raise humanity to new heights. Not for grieving hymns while squatting in 
dust. To give up such a life giving program in favor of chest-beating and 
wailing is a great loss. (Fuad Haufmann, Turkey [Translated]).
A. Food for thought for all who possess talent for discernment!
Q. According to Imam Jafar Sadiq and Imam Ali Raza, Sufis are heretics. Even 
though I belong to the creed of these Imams, I do not know the rationale of 
this verdict of theirs. (Ms Ummatal Qudus, Houston)
A. It is true that the scholars of Asna Ashri sect regard the Sufis and 
sufism as hoax. According to them anyone incapable of recognizing the Imam 
of the times cannot be a sage at all.
Q. I have heard that their was kinship between Yazeed Ibn Muawiya and Hadrat 
Hussain? (Feroz Malik, Faisalabad)
A. That indeed is so. A niece of Imam Hussain was Yazeed's wife and one of 
Imam Hussain's wives; Rubab was Yazeed's cousin.
       Q.Even though a Zaidi, I have freed myself from the blight of 
sectarianism. I am neither a Sunni nor a Shia, nor anything else, but simply 
a Muslim. Just for academic interest, what are the principal sects among the 
Shia? (Nawab Hussain Zaidi, Orlando)
       A.The exalted Prophet was commanded through the Quran not to have any 
connection with people who adhere to sects (6/160). I appreciate your 
understanding. Quaid-e-Azam was born in an Ismaili Khoja family but when he 
was asked, to what sect he belonged, he replied, "First tell me what sect 
had been founded by the Prophet of Allah. (Please also see answer to the 
next question!)
Q. Are all Shia one or they too have sects like Sunnis? (Niaz Ahmad Khan, 
A. Because of abandoning the Quran, there is such a large number of sects 
and sub-sects among Muslims that Imam Alhaj Irshad Kareem Tughree of 
Istanbul counted 191 sects at beginning of  the21st century! Following are 
just a few of the Shia sects:
      Asna Ashree Shias-(those with 12 Imams);
(ii) Kaisania-these regard Muhammad Bin Hanfia, (died 84 A.H.)  as the 
rightful Imam and the promised Mehdi. Muhammad was a son of Hanfia who was 
another wife of Hadrat Ali, besides Fatima.
(iii) Zaidis-recognize Zaid son of Imam Zainul Abedin (died 125 A.H. 739 
A.D.) as the last Imam. Thus these would be termed "Five Imam" Shias as

against "Twelve Imam" Shias.
(iv) Ismailis-Imam Zainul Abedin, the fourth Imam had two sons Baqir and 
Zaid; the latter did not accept the former as Imam. The sixth Imam Jafar 
Sadiq had a son Ismail and those who accepted him as Imam are called 
Ismailis. Prince Karim Agha Khan is their 49th Imam. On the other hand, 
those accepting the Imamate of Moosa Kazim, the other son of the (sixth) 
Imam Jafar Sadiq, are called 12 Imamites or Asna Ashris.
      Apart from these, there are other sects such as Fatimi, Non-Fatimi, 
Alavi, Khariji, Bohra, Khoja, Shaikhia, Duroozi etc. etc.
Q. What is the state of the Ahl-e-Sunna? Which, amongst the countless sects 
is on the right path? (Salma Abdur Razzaq, Miami).
A. The Ahl-e-Sunna are doing a great job too as regards multiplication of 
their sects. To hoodwink people they describe their sects as 'school of 
thought'  Ahl-e-Sunna have two main sects, Muqallid and Ghair Muqallid, 
meaning Conformists and non-Conformists. Then there are believers in Fiqh 
and believers in Hadith. Going down further, amongst the Ahl-e-Hadith are 
quasi-Wahabis and other Wahabis. Amongst the Ahl-e-Fiqh there are Hanafi, 
Hanbali, Maliki and Shafai. Amongst Hanafis there are Deobandis and 
Barelvis, amongst the latter there are Raza Khanis and Tawheedis. Amongst 
Deobandis there are Qadeemis and Jadeedis, and so on.
Which sect is on the right path? No sect can be on the right path. The Quran 
declares every sect as Mushrik, and cut off from the Rasool. The only right 
path is to consider and describe one's self a Muslim. Period.
Q. "Controversy amongst the Ummah is God's blessing!" says Banday Ali 
Hussaini from Kathiawar.
A. Many of the Ulema have accepted this Hadith as fabricated. The Quran 
terms dissension and splits as a curse from Allah. The main characteristic 
of the Book of Allah is that there is no controversy about it.
Q. How can our sectarian splits be ended? (Ms. Najeeb Chaudhry, Kot Radha 
A. There is only one way. Follow the Quran's prescription. "Hold tight to 
the rope of Allah and do not divide.” Hadith, history, Biography of the 
Prophet, Traditions of the Prophet, all these should be subjected to 
scrutiny based on the Quran rather than making the Quran subservient to 
Akbar Allahabadi very aptly wrote:
So as to negate writ of the Quran,
An army of Narrators invaded us!
Q. Is the Mehdi that Sunnis and Shias are waiting for, one and the same 
person or two different ones? (Muhammad Maqbool Sherwani, Texas.)
A. There is a host of tittle-tattle on that. The Mehdi of Qadianis came, and 
then left in 1908. That of Sunnis was born in 1962, i.e. according to Dr. 
Israr Ahmad. That of Asnaashris is running the universe from his hiding 
place in the Samera cave in Iraq. Imams Zaid and Ismail respectively of 
Zaidis and Ismaeelis have yet to come-a second time that is. Muhammad Bin 
Hanfia, the Mahdi of Kassania is also in the line. There has already been a 
Mahdi in the Abbassid era whose name was Abdullah Bin Maimoon; and the 
Abbassi Caliph Mansoor gave his son the name Muhammad Abdullah Mahdi 
precisely with the object of clearing the way for him to be accepted as a 
There has been a Mahdi of Jaunpore too in the Indo-Pakistan sub-continent.
Mr. Sherwani, I have seen one of the Mahdis in chains. There is plenty to 
choose from and you can take your pick. But Allama Iqbal said,
Behold the descent of God on the tower that is your heart!
Relinquish for once, the wait for Mahdi and Jesus
Q. Why was there no Imam from amongst the descendants of Hadrat Hassan son 
of Ali? How come there were so many Imams amongst the descendants of Hadrat 
Imam Hussain? (Nadira Khatoon, Montreal)
A. Only that person is called a leader, guide or Imam who gains acceptance 
and recognition as such. In spite of the Kassania, Zaidi, Alavi and Ismaili 
movements, the belief remained wide spread that the Imam would of sure be 
from the descendants of Hadrat Hussain. People beyond count, nonetheless 
accepted Muhammad Nafs Zakeeah and Ibrahim ( great grandsons of Hadrat 
Hassan), the final Imams. There are some people who believe that both these 
personages will be the Mahdis of end of time.
Q. Harmuzan is reported to have said (to Hadrat Umar) that with Muslims  is 
their God. In view of this what did the Maggians do to alienate God from 
Muslims? God would not be visible to them! (Khan Muhammad Bhutta N. 
A. You have asked a very important question. The central committee of the 
Asavirah of Magians had made an astute plan to make Muslims abandon the 
Quran. If you get them trapped in traditions, they argued, you have 
alienated them from Quran!
In this context, the Prophet had made a very pertinent observation, i.e. 
nations of old were destroyed because they abandoned the books of Allah and 
were lured to manmade writings.
Q. How many Ahadith are there in the book Usul-e-kafi by Imam Yaqoob Bin 
Ishaq Alkaleeni and how many of them are authentic? (Syed Kazim Ali, 
A. I am not competent to answer this question so here is an answer from the 
translator of Usul-e-Kafi,  Maulana Syed Zafar Hassan Amrohi from his 
preface to Vol.I:
"There are 16,199 Ahadeeth in Alkafi, of which only 5072 are authentic.” 
Which 5072?, he does not say!
Q. There is a general impression that wrong policies and nepotism caused the 
assassination of Hadrat Usman. How far is that true? This, in any case, is 
what Maulana Maudoodi said! (Ms. Kafeela Asghar, Muradabad)
A. According to the Quran (9:51) Maulana (our Lord) is only Allah. So 
calling some human a Maulana is tantamount to Shirk.
In our view Mullah Maudoodi was trapped in thefiction of Zahri and Tabari 
like a fly is caught in a spider's web. Slandering a great companion of the 
Prophet (that Hadrat Usman was) is a crime, nothing less. Smear campaign 
against his personal character is a part of the conspiracy of  the criminals 
of Islam. The Quran stands witness that all companions of the Prophet of 
Allah were of true faith (8:74), they were all brothers unto each other 
(3:103), and they were pleased with Allah and Allah is pleased with them 
Q. This book demonstrates that there was in fact no episode of Karbala. Is 
this mere fiction?(Ghazala Shaheen, New Jersey)
A. Yes, absolutely.
Q. Why is there no mention in it of Mukhtar Saqafi? (Dr. Farzand Ali, 
A. Because Mukhtar Saqafi had nothing to do with Hadrat Hussain. He 
recognized the son of  Hanfia, other wife of Hadrat Ali, namely Muhammad bin 
Hanfia as the rightful Imam, the Final Imam and the Imam Mahdi. He regarded 
all others as lost souls and usurpers. According to Hujjatullah Moosvi,  
[Meezanul Faris], Musaab Bin Zubair had chopped his (Saqafi’s) head off to 
please Hadrat Zainul Abedin.
Q. Every sect has its own interpretation of the Quran, so…
A. Interpretations differ only when we view the Quran through the lenses of 
the so-called traditions. The Quran says that it expounds everything beyond 
any doubt. It is easy to understand and explains itself. Only those people 
will be able to touch (comprehend) it who will be pure, i.e. those who will 
approach the Book with an open, unbiased mind.
Chapter 16
The Shura (Consultative Council)
After studying  Karbala Ki Haqiqat (Karbala,fact or fiction?) for a month, 
the distinguished members of our Consultative Council met twice on July 8 
and 9, 2000. The following members took part:
Qari Ghulam Muhammad Malik, London;
Allama Zeeshan Qadri, Hyderabad Deccan;
Syed Muhammadan Nuri, Damascus;
Mrs Mukhtar Begum, Durban;
Mrs Batool Sultana, Sweden;
Hakeem Saadat Hassan Qarshi, Chittagong;
Dr. Shujauddin Kirmani, Karachi;
Maulvi Hafiz Muhammad Haq, Patna;
Mrs Rabab Naqvi, Qatar; and
Hassan Raza Akhtar, Montreal.
I am indebted to opinions expressed by the members of the Council and other 
ladies and gentlemen. We are summarizing below proceedings of its meetings 
for information of our esteemed readers:
· Qari Ghulam Muhammad Malik-" Having written books on such sensitive 
issues, it is surprising that Dr. Shabbir Ahmed has not yet been honored 
with edicts of  mullahs. Karbala ki Haqeeqat is an eye-opening book. It is a 
wonderful and comforting reading. This publication should reach maximum 
number of Muslims".
· Allama Zeeshan Qadri- Telling the truth has crossed the danger level ! 
Research is phenomenal!
· Dr. Shabbir Ahmad-I request the members to please be inclined more towards 
· Allama Zeeshan Qadri-"What is there to criticize? One cannot find a 
semblance of sectarian bias in any of your books. I think this book will be 
tough on those rigidly following their forefathers. However, Al-Hamdu 
Lillah, the Muslim Ummah has become conscious enough.. It will be a source 
of great mental relief to hundreds of thousands of people."
· I related a condensed text of the book in Arabic to Syed Muhammad an- 
Noori of Damascus. His view was that it was a good thing that the book is in 
Urdu. He said, “I have traveled extensively and I find is that the people 
who should have been the most open-minded, namely the Arabs, are the most 
rigid today. They are stone-blind reactionaries. In Syria idlers squatting 
in streets, either recite praises of Hadrat Ali, or insult him in reaction. 
There is a saying by the Prophet that people would go to the extremes (in 
praise or ridicule) of Hadrat Ali as Jews and Nazarenes did regarding Jesus 
Christ.  For Muslims, this book will become a means of achieving balance in 
· Mrs. Mukhtar Begum is an Islamic preacher in Durban (South Africa). She 
says, "This book has fulfilled a great need of our times.”
· Mrs. Batool Sultana Agha, Stockholm, Sweden : Only people who lack vision 
and wisdom can believe the fiction about Imam Mahdi.
I do however, fear emotional reaction against this book."
· Allama Zeeshan Qadri-"I wish to say that no work of importance can be done

in fear. I saw the book by Abdul Jabbar Qaramati in the Istanbul museum 
myself in 1960 and I wrote some comments over it too in Urdu and English for 
publication: however no journal had the daring to publish my comments."
· Dr. Shujauddin Kirmani (A Karachi expert in Psychology and author of three 
books on the subject)-" It has to be borne in mind that in our history there

have been times, when the narrators, reciters of Hadith and historians, 
would affiliate themselves with the courts of kings. The kings would reward 
them generously. Many of these people would write history and traditions 
according to the wishes of their patrons.
· Maulvi Hafiz Muhammad Haq:"The superb manner in which insults to human 
intelligence have been highlighted in Karbala Ki Haqeeqat, leads the reader 
to analyze whether a particular narration is a fact or fiction."
· Mrs. Rabab Aqeel Naqvi:Whatever we had been hearing and reading from our 
childhood has been demolished. The arguments and references are staring us 
in the face. Over a span of a few hours I have seen about 90 books scattered 
around Dr. Shabbir from which references have been taken for this book. Even 
the procurement of these books is a wondrous achievement to me.
· Dr. Shabbir Ahmad-It is a  favor from my readers that they keep sending me 
unique and rare books from every corner of the world.
· Mr. Hassan Raza Akhtar (Librarian) I completely agree with Mrs Rabab 
Naqvi. Since I have read this book, I feel I have started a new life. A load 
has been taken off my mind."
· Dr. Shabbir Ahmed: I thank all honorable members of the Shura for their 
opinions. I know that Karbala ki Haqeeqat is such a topic that some 
deficiencies might have been left in the text. With your help and guidance 
these will be addressed in the next edition.
Chapter 17
The first edition of this book was published in August, 2000. More than ten 
thousand books of this edition have been sold during the last eight months.
Here is a summary of comments about the Urdu version of “ Karbala-Fact or 
Fiction”  that have been received:
               1. I have already said that according to the Quran, sectarian distinctions 
are tantamount to polytheism. Anyone who identifies himself or herself with 
a sect breaks all bonds with the Prophet. Having said that, I have observed 
a clear difference in the reaction to this book between people calling 
themselves Sunnies and those calling themselves Shias.
               2. The Sunnies  have immensely liked the book. They have commented on the 
following lines:
· “Having read this book we felt that we have been roused up from sleep.”
· “What a big deception by historians and narrators!”
· “We had been listening to the tale of Karbala from our early days and had 
been feeling that it couldn’t be true.”
· “We had been reading and listening to such bizarre tales that seemed to  
insults the intelligence.”
· “To tell you the truth, in the tale of Karbala, Imam Tabari has badly 
insulted the holy companions of the Prophet .
· Five percent of the Ahlulsunnah said that there should have been more 
details of Hadrat Hussain becoming Governor of Iraq and then being killed at 
the hands of Jaban bin Hormuzan in the Governor’s House in Koofa.
· Many readers said that the book seemed to end suddenly.
· It seems difficult to give up centuries old beliefs. (In this context it 
is worth mentioning that it was none other than Tabari bin Rustam who made 
up the tale of Karbala 240 years after the assassination of Governor Imam 
Hussain at the hands of Jaban bin Hormuzan. And he attributed it to Abu 
Mukhnaf who was dead 50 years before Tabari was born. The fables we hear 
since childhood, become imprinted on our minds and become part of our 
emotions. That is why most people would not listen to anything against their 
· I can say from my personal experience that five to ten per cent people of 
the Muslim Ummah possess enough openness of mind to be able to review old 
beliefs against new thoughts and embrace the truth.
· It is lucky that in order to bring about a change in the thinking of the 
masses, 5-10% of the thinking people who are the leaders of thought are 
sufficient.The rest follow them.
· Ten percent of our venerable Shiite readers, both ladies and gentlemen, 
have said that the truth has dawned on them. So from now on they will not 
beat their breasts at the time of Muharram.
· Twenty percent of the Shiite readers said that this study factual but what 
can they do? I have told them that the matter is simple. They should embrace 
the Book of Allah. There should be no far fetched interpretations of the 
Book. Hoaxes of occult meanings should not be practiced. Mullahs, whether 
new or old, should not be followed, because blind faith amounts to 
disbelief. Quran should be interpreted from the Quran itself and not based 
on history, traditions and pretexts of  “circumstances of revelation”.  Some 
principles would then become crystal clear:
1. Quran attaches no importance to heredity. With Allah there is a single 
criterion for pre-eminence, i.e. character. Whether it is Banu Umayya or 
Banu Hashim, if the caliphate passes from father to son to grandson, then 
such a system is monarchy.
2. According to the Quran, all Muslim issues, including  caliphate should 
get settled through mutual consultation.
3. The job of ruling a system based on Islam is the carrying of a ton of 
responsibility. True believers can neither covet  power nor can indulge in a 
tug of war for power’s sake, as is the wont of present day politicians. They 
considered caliphate a burden. Hadrat Ali and his siblings could not have 
craven  for power. In showing them covetous  of power, historians have been 
guilty of insulting them.
4. For a believer man or woman, wealth and riches are nothing but amusement. 
They would not lose sleep over a piece of land or property just as they 
would not care for power, .
5. For all time to come, the exalted Prophet abolished the cycle of avenging 
of murder, generation followed by generation. The Quran also lays down that 
no one will carry the burden of another and each person would be accontable 
for one’s own actions. So the urge for revenge can yield nothing but 
agonizing grudge. In the Quran, the principle of Qisas (or recompense) is 
specifically against the offender through a court of law, not against the 
offender’s children or grand children.
6. The Quran tells us not to follow conjecture and that our faculties of 
hearing, sight and mind will be held accountable. The Prophet also said that 
it is enough for a person to be a liar when one passes on to others a mere 
word of mouth without investigation.
The tale of Karbala consists of Tabari’s hearsay based only upon “Abu 
Mukhnif said this, Abu Mukhnif said that.” With this hype, he promoted the 
plot of the enemies of Islam. Is Karbala also not a tale based only on word 
of mouth?
7. There is a clear command in the Quran, “O Allah’s subjects, do not grieve 
over what is lost to you”. Now, what about holding sessions for mourning, 
wailing, and breast beating, in spite of this injunction, if not defiance of 
  such of his commands? Were Hadrat Hussain and his kin such a picture of 
grief and wailing as being presented? No, they were the kind of  believers 
about whom the Quran says that they shall have nothing to fear or to be sad 
about, in this world, and the next.
8. The Quran says more than once, that “you would never see change in 
Allah’s Laws”. With this firm commandment in place, telling tales 
conflicting with Allah’s Laws of nature under the facade of miracles of the 
Imamate, is nothing but myth. The Divine Laws manifest themselves in ‘cause’ 
and ‘effect’. They do not teach us mental acrobatics.
9. The Quran says too, that you shall not be asked about the deeds of those 
who passed before you. So how does it behoove anyone to embark upon 
allotting heaven and hell to the companions of  the Prophet or urging upon 
others to lay a curse on this person or that. Anyone  predicting heaven or 
hell for someone else is trying to play God.
· Readers, some Shiite scholars said that the severed head of Hussain was 
reciting the Quran; it was his miracle. I told them, “to you your faith, to 
me mine.” Some other Shiite scholars said, “we accept that Imams being born 
of the thighs of their mothers, or a severed head reciting the Quran are 
unbelievable things, yet belief in them strengthens faith.” Most 
respectfully I said,“Let the strengthening of your faith be good for you.”
· Some third rate columnist of New York wrote under a topic on Current 
Affairs, “It is as yet not clear whose agent Dr. Shabbir is. Someone’s agent 
he is for sure!” Let me tell him, indeed Dr. Shabbir is an agent. He is an 
agent and a servant to the Court of Madinah.
· ……a taxi driver from New York recorded abusive language on telephone. He 
claimed to be a disciple of a semi-literate Mullah called ‘Allama’ Seekh 
Dhamalvi. He made serious threats on his behalf and on behalf of  the 
Mullah. I have put this recording in safe-keeping for my lawyers and have 
asked him to tell his mentor and his patrons that my lawyers are on the 
alert like hawks for dealing with threats.
· Many of my sincere readers have said that it is vital for us to counter 
the negative propaganda by half-literate Mullahs and some ignorant people 
through newspapers and lectures against  Karbala Ki Haqeeqat. I wish to tell 
them, in the words of Saadi, “Silence is the best response to the ignorant.
Abraham Lincoln said that if he sat down to answer his critics he would 
waste so much time as would be impossible for his admirers to give back to 
· My intellectual endeavor is based on the principle that I should accept 
only Allah’s Book and not a Mullah as the absolute authority. I present to 
you with utmost sincerity and honesty what I see and comprehend in the 
brightness of that Tower of Light.
· I am not just being modest. The truth is that I am a student and I do not 
insist upon a single individual to agree with my thoughts and my deductions. 
No reader needs be in agreement with me:
Reality bears itself out; it need not be proved!
· While I was writing these lines, an esteemed elder from Houston has 
commented that high-flying scholars and Maulvis (new and old) all over the 
world, have been accepting the episode of Karbala to be true. (So) however 
much solid my study may be, my solitary voice could very well get buried 
under heaps of written and spoken sermons of those thousands upon thousands 
of clerics. I have pointed out to my
esteemed elder that these people are speaking in one voice because all of 
them have only Tabari and as their source. That is why they have been 
singing in the same one tune for centuries. As regards acceptance by people, 
only in a few months, hundreds of thousands of individuals in Europe, 
America and the Indo-Pakistan sub-continent have expressed agreement with my 
research. These ladies and gentlemen come from all sects of Islam. Now they 
no longer express their adherence to any particular sect but describe 
themselves simply as Muslims.
Readers! I respect Ahl-i-Bait (progeny of the Prophet [pbuh]) more than 
those historians who have insulted these exalted personages in the guise of 
Every step of the journey, I light a candle with my blood, someone will be 
following my steps.
Chapter 18
Dear readers! Now follows some further clarication of some intricacies.
1. Please refer back to the Diary of Hur Bin Abdur Rahman in Chapter 11. 
This was the great  man  who was the Governor of Andalusia (Spain) during 
the reign of Hadrat Umar Bin Abdul Aziz (99 to 101 A.H.). His diary clearly 
tells us that,
“Hadrat Ali, Hadrat Hasan and Hadrat Hussain succeeded in that order as 
Governors of Iraq. Not only that, while occupying that high office, Hadrat 
Ali and Hadrat Hussain sacrificed their lives in the prestigious office. 
Through their dedication and gifted abilities, those noble beings made Iraq 
a paradise on earth. Jamshed Khurasani killing Hadrat Ali and Jaban Bin 
Hormuzan killing Hadrat Hussain, the Persians hoped that Iraq would fall in 
their lap. On the contrary, the blood of Hadrat Ali and Hadrat Hussain did 
not go in vain. Couriers coming from Damascus, the capital city of the 
Caliphate, tell us that in 100 A.H. Kufa, Basra and…(not legible), are more 
prosperous than Syria, Palestine and Egypt.”
“Meezanul Faris” by Moosvi:
(The Persian Balance)
2. In Chapter 13, in the context of martyrdom of Hadrat Usman, it is 
noteworthy that he remained Amirul Momineen (Chief of the Faithful) from the 
time of the martyrdom of Hadrat Umar in 23 A.H. to 35 A.H. All this time 
while Hadrat Usman was the Caliph in Madinah, Hadrat Ali continued as the 
Caliphate appointed Governor of Iraq with seat at Koofa. A magnificent book 
by the title Meezanul Faris published in Iran by Hujjatullah Abdul Qadir 
Mooosvi covers two whole chapters drawing a beautiful picture of the era of 
Hadrat Usman the Generous-complete peace, tranquility, progress and 
prosperity. The Meezan uses ancient sources on the history of Caliphate of 
the Rightly Guided, discovered recently from Istanbul and Spain. Fareedoon 
Tasleemi, at present residing in Texas, is translating the book into 
English. The book has been banned in Iran. Little surprise!
[ TheReasoning  for Prophethood ]
by Abdul Jabbar Qaramati.
3. Now please refer to Chapter 9 of the book you are reading. Only one 
(hand-written) manuscript of the book by Abdul Jabbar Qaramati exists and 
that is found in the museum in Istanbul. The title of the book is 
Kitab-I-Dalayal- Nabuwwah Syedna Muhammad.
The revered Chairman of our Consultative Council Allama Zeeshan Qadri 
Naqshbandi has had the privilege of having a look at the manuscript of this 
unique book. The author of this Arabic, Abdul Jabbar Qaramati seems to be a 
man of Faith and a devotee of the Prophet. Even though the ‘Qaramati” sect 
is supposed to have has rather tainted beliefs, Abdul Jabbar appears to be 
as free of sectarianism, as our Quaid-e-Azam was.
Because of his long stay in Jordan, one of my distinguished readers, Fouad 
Hoffmann, speaks and reads Arabic fluently. Translated below are some 
excerpts from the book copied by the German born Fouad Hoffmann:
· “What can be a greater argument in support of true Prophethood of the 
Apostle than the fact that 250 years after his passing away he is still the 
beacon of light for all.”
· “The Muslim Ummah got the gift of a rare jewel in the person of the 
honorable Abu Bakr Siddiq.” Salutes to him that even after the passing away 
of the Prophet (saw) the system that he had given to us remains intact.
· “A salute is due to Hadrat Umar that his high character saved the Muslim 
Ummah from the shock of deaths of the Prophet and his Caliph.”
· “A salute too is due to Uthman the Generous, the Uthman of Two Lights, who 
filled the vacuum left by the Great Farooq from 23 to 35 A.H. so well that 
the system of government and the Caliphate worked seamlessly.” (The fable of 
rebel activities during the reign of Hadrat Usman is thus contradicted.)
· “A salute to Ali Ibn Abi Talib who remained the governor of Iraq, our 
biggest province from year 13 to 40 A.H., besides shouldering the burden of 
the Caliphate from year 35 to 40 A.H. in an exemplary manner.”
· “The center for the Caliphate faced many dangers from enemy intrigues. It 
was the farsightedness of Ali that he shifted the Islamic capital from 
Madina to Koofa for the time being.”
· “Even today (around 280 A.H.) the Islamic world is as united as limbs of 
one single body.”
Chapter 19
                     A FAVOR, A BOOK, AND A REQUEST
My respected readers keep doing a great favor that they keep sending me rare 
books, writings and articles, which would otherwise be out of my reach. I 
remain indebted to them.
Addeen waddaula
(Religion and the State)
As these lines were being written  I received from an esteemed Arab lady in 
Madinah, the English version of a rare book of Arabic with the above title. 
The author was born in 160 A.H. which means that he predates the well known 
historian Tabari who was born in 224 A.H. Initial examination of the book 
reflects the author’s true love for the Prophet. In the book he has 
collected predictions in the Bible of the advent of the exalted prophet 
Muhammad with great reverence and devotion.
· The author is Ali Bin Sahl bin Raban. He was a scholar of the Bible and 
had great interest in dialogue with Jews and the Nazarenes.
· In the foreword to the book Adil Nowaihidh of Darul Afaq Publishing of 
Beirut says that Ali Bin Sahl bin Raban has done full justice with the 
His book says that:
· the companions of the prophet and those who introduced Islam to others, 
were the best of all the virtuous people.
· It was due to the exalted Prophet and his great character that individuals 
of high esteem like Hadrats Abu Bakr, Umar Ibnul Khattab, Uthman Ibn Affan, 
and Hadrat Ali were minarets of light for all.
· it was again due to his blessings that great men and women like the 
under-noted appeared amongst the Muslim Ummah:
Hadrat Hasan Bin Ali                                              Hadrat Khadijah
Hadrat Hussain Ibn Ali                             Hadrata Ayesha
Hadrat Abdullah Bin Zubair                      Hadrat Fatima
Abdul Malik                                                           Hadrat Zainab
Waleed Bin Abdul Malik                           Hadrat Kareemah [perhaps the wife of Hadrat Umar 
Bin Abdul Aziz                     Umar bin Abdul Aziz]
Muhammad Bin Hanfia                            Hadrat Abdullah Bin Umar
Hadrat Abdur Rahman Bin Abu Bakr
· Also it was due to the great training of the exalted Prophet that there 
has been no dissension amongst the Muslim Ummah. The names quoted above and 
others radiate like stars. They have all been living examples of “All the 
faithful are like brothers and sisters unto each other”. And they remain so 
till today, (i.e. till year 205 A.H.)
· This is the reason that in the whole world there is no visible threat to 
the Islamic revolution. Any threat that emerges gets swept away like straw.
The above excerpts from “Addeen waddaula” very clearly show that internal 
fights amongst Muslims such as the supposed battles of Jamal, Saffain, 
Nehrwan Karbala etc. are all figments of imaginations of the historians. 
These enemies of Islam falsified history to break the unity of the Ummah.
The Request
Please allow me to say again that this book has criticized history and the 
historians. I remain extremely respectful to the holy companions of the 
exalted Messenger, and to his household.
I submit that I do not consider my thoughts or findings to be etched in 
stone, but my research has been sincere. And I am open to suggestions and 
criticism. I am fully aware that I have to answer to the Almighty for all my 
deeds, words and writings. Of course, I respect your right to differ and 
disagree with me. It will be a privilege for me that you examined my study 
with an open mind. Please be assured that Shabbir Ahmed is not associated 
with any sect. My book “Islam Kay Mujrim”, THE CRIMINALS OF ISLAM is ample 
proof to that, in which I have critically examined the non-Quranic beliefs 
of all sects. According to the Quran, choosing a sect is polytheism and 
those practicing it lose all bonds with the holy Prophet . Finally, let us 
conclude this book with a saying of Hadrat Ali:
“Do not see who said it; but see what was said.”
Dr. Shabbir Ahmad Bin Abdul Rashid.
I have not met Dr. Shabbir Ahmed, a son of Pakistan, but I have known him 
for long. He has been regularly writing a column in the FAMILY MAGAZINE for 
many years. His columns  are read with great interest world-wide. I too am a 
reader of his columns. I have a frequent talk with him over the telephone. 
He is a writer with vast study. Captioned as “Dastak” he has sent an essay 
on his late father Abdur Rashid Bin Abdul Aziz (1921-2000) whom he 
enunciates as “ raining of generosity”. It is from this essay that one 
learns how and why Dr. Shabbir Ahmed has turned out to be what he is. He has 
been “beaten into shape” by a personification of simplicity, truthfulness, 
kindness and compassion, integrity and honesty and purity of heart who 
guided him through personal example.
Majeed Nizami,
Chief Editor,
Daily Nawai Waqt, Lahore.
The dexterity with which the Doctor goes on lighting rows of candles on 
stone arches of fortresses, is born of the cheeriness and joviality which 
flows in his heart like a natural spring. The range of his knowledge of 
various arts and crafts is amazing. World history in particular, flows to 
and fro in his columns like breeze. The thing to wonder about is, how does 
someone who reads so extensively, find time for writing! The depth and span 
of his knowledge are distinctive qualities in his writings, qualities 
without which journalistic or literary columns become limbless. The crowning 
glory is that his versatality never burdens his style.
My view is that on the merit of his unique style and vastness of knowledge, 
it would not be inappropriate to name him as “The Columnist of Columnists”, 
as well as the “flavor of Muslim ethics”.
“The swing of his pen is all-encompassing.”
Syed Zamir Jaafri,
January 1999.
Some Observations Regarding
1. Imam Mufti Wahbi Ismael (Founder President, American/Canadian Association 
of Muslims of Albania, Former Head of Department of Theological Studies of 
Jamiatul Azhar, Cairo, Egypt):- “By writing this book you have rendered 
great service to the Islamic nation. With your permission, I wish to 
translate it into Albanian language.”
2. Mujtahid Imam Mahdi Ali Khurasani-ulHusaini, Chairman, Islamic Society of 
California (from Mashad, Iran.): - “It is a matter of great honor to Muslims 
that we have among us a person of Faith and learning like you. This is a 
very timely publication for Muslims and non-Muslims alike. Such books are a 
need of the times. We wish to do its Persian translation.”
3. Honorable Muhammad Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan:-“I am 
reading tour book with great interest. I shall be most grateful if you can 
send my Secretariat the book with the title “Why I am not a Christian?” 
Please send some Urdu books of  ‘My View of Islam‘ too“.
4. Dr. Javed Iqbal, son of Allama Iqbal, Senator/Retired Justice of Supreme 
Court of Pakistan: -Your book is shaping up as a means of strengthening our 
faith and Islam.
5. Sheikhul Hadith Mufti Muhammad Irshad Nazami, Agra (India):- I have had 
published Hindi translation of your book numbering two thousand. All volumes 
were finished in a week. Your timing of the book is excellent. The product 
of your hard labor at the junction of two centuries will live as an ageless 
beacon of light.
6. Director, Qazi Publications, Chicago:- This book is like a Rolls Royce in 
an age of bullock carts.
7. Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan, President/Chairman, Pakistan Academy of 
Sciences):- “Outstanding! Superb! Please send me a few more copies.”
8. Professor Ghafoor Ahmad, Jamaat-I-Islami of Pakistan:- Your endeavor 
deserves highest praise and admiration.”
9. Imam Vincent Abdullah, Brooklyn, New York:- If I have to use a single 
word for describing your book, I would say, Revolutionary! Perhaps this is 
the best book that I have read. It should be translated into all world 
10. An anonymous Christian in Bronx, New York: - “This book created such a 
revolution in my mind that I have removed the sign of cross from around my 
neck and am wearing Muhammad’s name instead.”